UPDATE 1-Spain's Socialists clear way for minority conservative government
* Vote clears way for minority government (Updates with result, adds details)
Dec 11 - Fitch Ratings takes the following actions on San Rafael, California (the city) bonds: --$7.4 million San Rafael Joint Powers Authority lease revenue refunding bonds series 2012 downgraded to 'AA-' from 'AA'; --$5 thousand San Rafael Joint Powers Authority lease revenue bonds series 2003 downgraded to 'AA-' from 'AA'; and --Implied general obligation (GO) bond rating downgraded to 'AA' from 'AA+'. The Rating Outlook is Stable. SECURITY The bonds are secured by lease rental payments from the city to the San Rafael Joint Powers Financing Authority, subject to abatement, for use and occupancy of a downtown parking structure constructed with the proceeds of the 2003 issuance refunded by the 2012 transaction. The city has covenanted to annually budget and appropriate for lease payments from the city's general funds, but has agreed to first use parking fund revenues for this purpose. The parking enterprise is self-supporting and has funded the annual lease payments since issuance. KEY RATING DRIVERS DOWNGRADE FOLLOWS CALIFORNIA CITIES REVIEW: The downgrade to 'AA' for the city's implied GOs and 'AA-' for its lease revenue bonds reflects low pension funding and reserve levels relative to similarly rated entities. Fitch's heightened sensitivity to compensation-based expenditure pressures is discussed further in its recent review of California cities (California Cities Snapshot; Revenue Constraints and Rising Costs Will Continue to Pressure Ratings, Oct. 1, 2012, available at www.fitchratings.com). STRONG TAX BASE: San Rafael benefits from a large, diverse and affluent property tax base that has largely maintained its value despite widespread housing declines nationally. Assessed valuation levels in 2012 approached $175,000 per capita. The city's wealth is also reflected in its high income levels, which exceed state and national averages by substantial margins. DIVERSE ECONOMY: San Rafael serves as a commercial and employment center within Marin County, helping to diversify the local economy as well as the revenue sources upon which the city relies. SUBSTANTIAL PENSION OBLIGATIONS: Although the city has recently reduced benefits available to new hires, it faces substantial ongoing costs for employee pensions, which have contributed to recent strains on the city's finances. FINANCIAL PROSPECTS UNCERTAIN: Management anticipates breakeven results for 2012 after three years of operating deficits, and the city adopted a balanced budget for fiscal 2013. However, rising costs for retiree benefits, volatile revenues, and relatively weak fund balances increase the potential for continued budget challenges. LOW DEBT BURDEN: The city's debt levels are low and most debt service costs are supported by non-general fund sources. CREDIT PROFILE STABLE PROPERTY TAX BASE, VOLATILE SALES TAX HISTORY San Rafael benefits from its location and participation in the greater San Francisco Bay Area economy, and also serves as a local commercial and employment center within Marin County, one of the wealthiest counties in the nation. The city's property tax base has been largely insulated from the recent assessed valuation declines experienced nationally, with a one-year decline of 1.4% in 2011 followed by a return to growth in 2012. Assessed value for this city of roughly 58,000 exceeds $10 billion. Total employment levels and unemployment rates have tracked national averages, but compare favorably to state averages. Retail sales activity declined sharply between 2008 and 2010, reducing sales tax receipts by 27%, but rose by 14% in 2011 and has shown continued growth in 2012. The city's reliance on the sales tax (29% of general fund revenues in 2011) was increased by its voters' approval of a half-cent general purpose sales tax in 2006, which is set to expire in 2016 unless re-authorized. PENSION CHALLENGES In addition to revenue declines, San Rafael's finances have also been strained by relatively inflexible expenditure requirements. Public safety costs account for the majority of the city's general fund expenditures, and employer pension contributions were equal to 54% of salary costs in 2011. The city has made recent progress in controlling future growth in pension costs by reducing benefits for new hires, but continues to face a substantial liability for current employees and retirees. As of the end of fiscal year 2011, San Rafael reported a $153.8 million unfunded pension liability with a funded ratio of 63%. This ratio declines to 58% under Fitch's assumption of 7% investment returns, and will likely decline further with the incorporation of lower than assumed investment returns. The general fund portion of the city's annual required pension contribution for fiscal 2011 was equivalent to a high 21% of spending. In 2010 the city issued $4.5 million in pension obligation bonds (POBs) to defer the budgetary impact of such expenses. BUDGET REDUCTIONS Recent strategies employed by the city to balance its budget have included reductions in other post-employment benefits, a two-year agreement with labor to reduce salaries by 4%, and the elimination of a variety of budgeted positions. For fiscal year 2012, temporary and one-time cuts accounted for 70% of the city's strategies in eliminating a $4.5 million budget gap (8% of general fund spending). Management reports that improved revenues allowed San Rafael to reduce its use of one-time strategies by half in 2012 as compared to budget, but Fitch expects that rising pension costs and limited revenue-raising opportunities will continue to challenge city finances. Fund balances have improved recently despite these budget strains. Unreserved fund balance rose from a low 3% of general fund spending in 2009 to an adequate 9% in 2010 due to the transfer of $3.7 million of reserves from the city's general liability and workers compensation funds. Unrestricted fund balance (the sum of committed, assigned, and unassigned fund balance per GASB 54) reached 11% of general fund spending at the end of 2011 and appears likely to remain at this level through fiscal 2012. The city's budget for 2013 maintains fund balances at current levels. LOW DEBT The city's debt profile is strong, with only the 2010 POB issuance directly supported by the general fund. The 2012 lease revenue refunding bonds are supported by a general fund pledge to covenant and appropriate for lease payments, but as planned in the original 2003 issuance, the city has used parking revenues to meet all debt service requirements. Overlapping debt levels are low, at 1.5% of assessed value, reflecting the city's strong property tax base. Additional information is available at 'www.fitchratings.com'. The ratings above were solicited by, or on behalf of, the issuer, and therefore, Fitch has been compensated for the provision of the ratings. In addition to the sources of information identified in the Tax-Supported Rating Criteria, this action was additionally informed by information from Creditscope, University Financial Associates, S&P/Case-Shiller Home Price Index, IHS Global Insight, Zillow.com, National Association of Realtors. Applicable Criteria and Related Research: --'Tax-Supported Rating Criteria' (Aug. 14, 2012); --'U.S. Local Government Tax-Supported Rating Criteria' (Aug. 14, 2012). Applicable Criteria and Related Research: Tax-Supported Rating Criteria U.S. Local Government Tax-Supported Rating Criteria
* Vote clears way for minority government (Updates with result, adds details)
MILAN, Oct 23 Storage rooms crammed with loan documents have emerged as a hidden front line in Italy's battle to save its banks from the threat of financial crisis.
MILAN, Oct 23 Italy's economy minister said on Sunday the European Union must choose between allowing Rome to raise its deficit to cope with a recent earthquake and the migrant crisis, or the "Hungarian way" of putting up barriers, which he said would spell doom for the bloc.