Feb 5 - Fitch Ratings has assigned an 'AAA' rating to the following bonds
issued by the Indiana Finance Authority's (IFA):
--Approximately 47.6 million state revolving fund (SRF) program refunding bonds,
The bonds are scheduled to sell via negotiation during the week of Feb. 11,
2013. Bond proceeds will be used to refund certain series of outstanding bonds
previously issued by the IFA. In addition, Fitch has affirmed the following
--$1.8 billion outstanding parity bonds at 'AAA'.
The Rating Outlook is Stable.
The bonds are secured by loan repayments, debt service reserve funds, and other
accounts pledged under the series and master trust indentures.
HIGH DEFAULT TOLERANCE: Fitch's cash flow modeling demonstrates that the program
can continue to pay bond debt service even with loan defaults in excess of
Fitch's 'AAA' liability default hurdle, as produced using Fitch's Portfolio
Stress Calculator (PSC). Liability default hurdles derived by the PSC are
calculated based on overall pool credit quality as measured by the rating of
underlying borrowers, size, loan term, and concentration.
STRONG LOAN SECURITY: Loan provisions are strong with the majority of loan
principal secured by net utility system revenue pledges (95%) and the remaining
amount secured by general obligation (GO) or lease obligation pledges.
CROSS COLLATERALIZATION ENHANCES PROGRAM: The cross-collateralization features
of the separate clean water state revolving fund (CWSRF) and drinking water
state revolving fund (DWSRF) accounts within the indentures enhance bondholder
security allowing reserves and excess loan repayments within and between each
program to be available for use by the other.
CONSERVATIVE UNDERWRITING PRACTICES: The IFA adheres to consistent, conservative
underwriting policies across both the CWSRF and DWRSF programs, requiring
borrowers to demonstrate minimum coverage of 1.25x average annual debt service
(AADS) and to also create a local debt service reserve fund (DSRF) equal to 1.0x
maximum annual debt service (MADS). Management and underwriting strength is
exhibited by the fact that the program has never experienced a default.
STRONG DEFAULT TOLERANCE ASSESSMENT
Fitch calculates that all-in debt service coverage, or total program revenues
plus reserves divided by scheduled bond debt service, to be approximately 1.3x.
Cash flow modeling demonstrates that the program can continue to pay bond debt
service even with hypothetical loan defaults of 100% over any four-year period
(assuming a 90% recovery rate, as per Fitch criteria). This is in excess of
Fitch's 'AAA' liability stress hurdle, which is derived based on the aggregate
credit quality of the program's pledged loan pool.
MODERATELY DIVERSE LOAN POOL
IFA provides loans to local entities for wastewater and drinking system
improvements. The combined CWSRF and DWSRF loan pool includes over 330
borrowers. With this issue, the Terre Haute Sanitation District (not rated by
Fitch) remains the largest borrower at 6% of the loan pool. In addition,
approximately 12% of the loan pool is composed of escrow funds held to defease
loans initially made to the Indianapolis Local Public Improvement Bond Bank.
Nevertheless, much of the combined portfolio is composed of small, non-rated
The top 10 borrowers represent about 42% of the total combined loan pool. Loan
provisions are strong with the majority of loan principal secured by system
revenue pledges and the remaining amount secured by GO or lease obligation
pledges. Roughly 38% of the portfolio is estimated to be investment grade.
ESTABLISHED UNDERWITING POLICIES
IFA manages both the CWSRF and DWSRF programs using consistent underwriting
practices. In its assessment IFA takes into consideration the creditworthiness
of the borrower and environmental goals of the SRF program, among other factors.
Loans secured by system revenue pledges (the primary source of loan security)
must demonstrate minimum coverage of 1.25x AADS and are also required to create
a local DSRF equal to 1.0x MADS; the DSRF can be funded over the first five
years after issuance. Currently, approximately $145 million of local borrower
reserves are held with the trustee. Loans are typically limited to 20 years and
are structured with level annual payments. Annual loan monitoring is conducted
on outstanding borrowers, and includes verification of local reserves and a
review of financial statements. No loan defaults have been reported within the
program to date.
FAVORABLE STRUCTURAL CHARACTERISTICS
Under the SRF program's reserve fund structure, each bond series is secured by
borrower loans and separately secured debt service reserves funded from IFA's
federally capitalized CWSRF and DWSRF. As series bonds amortize, released
reserves, excess loan repayments and interest earnings are deposited into a
deficiency fund, which is available to make debt service payments on any bonds
issued under the master trust indenture. The method by which excess amounts are
deposited to the deficiency fund allows for cross collateralization between
CWSRF and DWSRF programs, increasing pool diversity and potentially lowering
total loss amounts.
SIZEABLE PROGRAM RESERVES
As of Dec. 31, 2012, program reserves totaled approximately $487 million, or 27%
of total outstanding bonds. Reserves provide significant protection, along with
excess loan repayments and interest earnings, from borrower loan defaults.
Program reserve investment practices are generally strong. Currently, assets are
invested in U.S. Treasury and Agency securities, State and Local Government
Series, and Cash.
Additional information is available at 'www.fitchratings.com'. The ratings above
were solicited by, or on behalf of, the issuer, and therefore, Fitch has been
compensated for the provision of the ratings.
Applicable Criteria and Related Research:
--'Revenue-Supported Rating Criteria' (June 12, 2012);
--'State Revolving Fund and Leveraged Municipal Loan Pool Criteria' (May 21,
--'Rating Guidelines for State Credit Enhancement Programs' (June 19, 2012);
--'Counterparty Criteria for Structured Finance Transactions' (May 30, 2012).
Applicable Criteria and Related Research:
Revenue-Supported Rating Criteria
State Revolving Fund and Leveraged Municipal Loan Pool Criteria
Rating Guidelines for State Credit Enhancement Programs
Counterparty Criteria for Structured Finance Transactions