Feb 6 - Fitch Ratings takes the following rating action on Athens-Clarke
County Unified Government, Georgia (ACC) bonds:
--$217.1 million water and sewerage revenue bonds, series 2008 affirmed at
The Rating Outlook is Stable.
The bonds are secured by net revenues of the water and wastewater system (the
STRONG LIQUIDITY, STABLE COVERAGE: ACC has maintained high cash balances for
many years, averaging over 1000 days of cash on hand (DCOH) over the past seven.
Coverage levels weakened as predicted due to rising debt service costs, but
actual results have consistently outperformed forecasts.
HIGHLY LEVERAGED SYSTEM: The system is highly leveraged after debt funding
capital expansion projects. Capital plans are very manageable and do not include
future borrowings, which will result in declining debt levels.
AFFORDABLE RATES: The combined monthly bill remains affordable when compared to
surrounding communities; however, rates have reached Fitch's affordability
threshold of 2% of median household income (MHI).
STABLE SERVICE AREA: ACC has an established service area anchored by the
presence of the University of Georgia which provides flexibility and stability.
WHAT COULD TRIGGER A RATING ACTION
DETERIORATION OF FINANCIAL POSITION: Further deterioration of debt service
coverage (DSC) could result in negative rating action and declining reserves
could limit financial flexibility.
Athens-Clarke County, a unified government since 1991, is located approximately
65 miles northeast of Atlanta, GA and is anchored by the University of Georgia.
The water and sewer systems serve about 95% and 55%, respectively, of the
county's population, which totaled approximately 118,700 in 2012. County
unemployment rates at 6.5% are well below state (8.5%) and national (7.5%)
levels as of October 2012.
STRONG FINANCIAL FLEXIBILITY
Financial performance is sound, generating solid operating margins, strong
liquidity and stable coverage levels. The system ended fiscal 2012 with $35
million of unrestricted cash, equating to a robust 702 DCOH, well above the
'AAA' median level of 420 days. The system's strong liquidity profile provides
significant financial flexibility, which helps mitigate the below average
The series 2008 bond issuance left the system highly leveraged. Consequently, as
expected, combined DSC on all system debt declined precipitously to 1.4 times
(x) in fiscal 2010, slightly below the system's policy-imposed minimum coverage
level of 1.5x. Fiscal years 2011 and 2012 posted similarly weak results for the
rating category of 1.6x and 1.4x, respectively.
COVERAGE FORECAST TO TREND UPWARD
Management provided forecasts, which appear reasonable, show combined DSC
dropping to a low of 1.3x in fiscal 2013; slightly higher than previously
projected. Officials do not expect to issue additional system debt and
anticipate building debt service coverage levels back up to the 1.5x threshold
by fiscal 2015 by implementing annual rate increases of about 7%. DSC is
forecast to continue its upward trend, reaching 2.0x in 2018. Fitch views
positively management's conservative budgeting, which has resulted in actual
results registering higher than projected figures.
CONSISTANT RATE ADJUSTMENTS PROVIDE STABLE FINANCES
ACC's governing body maintains sole rating-setting authority and has
consistently implemented rate increases ranging from 5% to 8% for the past 10
years. Rate adjustments are presented and accepted in five-year packages then
approved annually as part of the budget approval process. Continuing this
pattern, rate adjustments of 5% to 7% have been accepted through 2016. Fitch
views positively the consistent implementation of rate increases to preserve
The average monthly combined water and sewer bill is relatively low when
compared to surrounding communities at $55 for fiscal 2012. However area wealth
levels as represented by median household income are also low at 69% of the
state and 65% of the national levels. This combination results in user charges
at the upper end of Fitch's affordability threshold of 2% MHI although below
average wealth levels reflect the high student population associated with the
University of Georgia.
MAINTENANCE FOCUSED CAPITAL NEEDS
Capital Improvement Projects (CIP) for the 2013 to 2018 period total $66 million
and are primarily focused on rehabilitation of sewer collection lines. The CIP
is expected to be entirely funded from pay-go as no additional debt or loan
issuances are planned. The system's debt burden is high with debt per capita of
$1,949, well above the 'AA' median of $485. Debt as a percent of net plant is
more moderate at 51% and aligns well with the 'AA' median level of 49%. Given
the system's plan to cash fund future capital needs, debt levels will decline.
EXPANDED TREATMENT CAPACITY AND AMPLE WATER SUPPLY
The system's primary water supply is derived from both the North Oconee and
theMiddle Oconee Rivers. As one of four member governments in the Upper Oconee
Basin Water Authority (the authority), the system has access to an additional
25.5 million gallons daily (mgd) from the Bear Creek Reservoir, leaving the
system with an abundant water supply. The terms of the water supply agreement,
which does not expire until 2046, requires that the county pay the authority 44%
of the authority's annual expenditures (net of any debt service obligations) for
the reservoir only, which equals its equity share in the authority.
The system recently completed a major expansion of the wastewater system, funded
by the series 2008 bonds, which increased capacity by 50%. Of the system's three
wastewater treatment facilities, two were replaced with larger facilities, and
one was expanded and improved, bringing total system capacity to 28 mgd from 18
mgd. This is more than adequate to treat the average system demand in fiscal
2012 of 8.9 mgd. For water and wastewater facilities, all regulatory permits are
current, and treatment capacity is sufficient for the foreseeable future.