Parties make their cases to Italy president for new leader
* Interior Minister says would support a new Renzi government
Feb 8 - Fitch Ratings assigns an 'AA+' rating to $94.205 million of Alaska Municipal Bond Bank general obligation (GO) bonds, 2013 series one, issued under the bond bank's 2005 GO bond resolution. The bonds are expected to sell via negotiation the week of Feb. 25, 2013. In addition, Fitch affirms the following ratings: --Approximately $589.9 million in outstanding parity bond bank GO bonds at 'AA+'; --Approximately $4.6 million in outstanding GO bond bank bonds issued under its 2010 bond resolution at 'AA'; --Approximately $47.8 million in bonds outstanding under various revenue bond resolutions at 'AA'. The Rating Outlook is Stable. SECURITY The bonds are general obligations of the bond bank, for which the state also maintains a standing appropriation of state general fund resources to replenish the bonds' reserve fund in the event of borrower default. This standing appropriation is the basis for the assigned rating on the 2005 resolution bonds. KEY RATING DRIVERS STATE ANNUAL APPROPRIATION: The State of Alaska includes as part of its annual debt service appropriation in its operating budget an appropriation for reserve fund replenishment in the event of a draw related to default by a participating municipality (borrower), resulting in a rating one notch below the state's 'AAA' GO rating. PROVEN STATE SUPPORT AND STRONG REPAYMENT HISTORY: The bond bank's programs have a solid history of debt repayment, and the state of Alaska has a demonstrated history of support for and involvement with the bond bank. The bond bank has consistently worked with the state to strengthen bondholder protections while achieving its programmatic goals. The state's own resources are substantial. MULTIPLE LAYERS OF SECURITY: Multiple layers of security support bond bank issues in the event of a local government's failure to pay debt service on its obligations to the bond bank. Security enhancements include issuer reserve funds, bond bank reserve funds, the state's standing appropriation for reserve fund replenishment, the state's statutory moral obligation, and the bond bank's statutory authority to intercept aid to local governments. Coverage of maximum annual debt service by state aid is substantial. CREDIT PROFILE The 'AA+' rating is based on the state's commitment to GO bonds of the bond bank issued under the 2005 GO resolution in the form of a standing appropriation of general funds for program reserve fund replenishment. GO bonds of the bond bank issued under the 2005 resolution also incorporate multiple layers of security on both the borrower level and state level. Issuance requires either a borrower's GO or revenue pledge or other evidence of pledged revenues for allowable debt obligations, with a borrower reserve available for revenue bonds. Bond bank borrowers must demonstrate project essentiality and ability to repay to access financing. The current bonds will fund several, separate local government projects presently estimated as follows; a total $39.2 million loan to the city and borough of Sitka for improvement to its electric generation system and boat harbor; a $2.55 million loan to the city and borough of Juneau for various capital projects and a $22.78 million loan to refund a 2004 revenue-secured loan from the bond bank; a $4.735 million loan to the Ketchikan Gateway Borough for various school district improvements; a $1.2 million loan to the Kenai Peninsula Borough for construction of a new fire and emergency services facility; a $21.195 million loan to the Kodiak Island Borough for school improvements; and a $2.58 million loan to the city of Sand Point for harbor improvements. The bond bank maintains a pooled program reserve fund for the 2005 resolution bonds, funded at approximately $41.3 million as of Feb. 1, 2013, backed by a moral obligation of the state established by state statute requiring establishment of a reserve and that the bond bank seek a general fund appropriation in the event of a borrower's payment default. This pledge was strengthened with the bond bank's commitment to seek a standing appropriation for these bonds, and the state's subsequent appropriation, beginning in fiscal 2010. The 'AA' rating on bonds issued under the 2010 GO resolution, two notches below the state's GO rating, incorporates the underlying annual appropriation pledge of the local borrowers, in contrast to a GO or revenue pledge under the 2005 GO resolution, as well as the state's moral obligation for reserve fund replenishment. However, the rating also reflects the absence of the bond bank's pledge to seek a standing appropriation for state general fund resources to be used in the event of a program reserve draw. Bonds issued under this resolution have benefited from a standing appropriation in the state's recent fiscal year budgets, including the governor's proposed fiscal 2014 budget. Similarly, the 'AA' rating on bonds issued under various revenue bond resolutions incorporates many of the same credit factors as those for bonds issued under the 2010 resolution. Issuers' revenue pledge for bond repayment is enhanced by the state's moral obligation pledge for reserve fund replenishment; however, the rating reflects the absence of the bond bank's pledge to seek a standing appropriation for state general fund resources to be used in the event of a program reserve draw. These bonds have also benefited from the inclusion of a standing appropriation in the state's recent fiscal year budgets. Following the issuance of the 2013 series one bonds, only three stand-alone revenue bond issues will remain outstanding. The bond bank was established in 1975 to provide access to low-cost capital financing for Alaska local governments. Not inclusive of the current sale, approximately $590 million in 2005 GO resolution bonds are currently outstanding; the new bonds are the 25th under the 2005 GO resolution. Total bond bank obligations outstanding at any one time may not exceed $1 billion; inclusive of the current sale, the total amount outstanding will be approximately $789.3 million. As noted above, the moral obligation for the bonds was strengthened by inclusion in the state's annual budget, beginning in fiscal 2010, of an appropriation to restore any deficiency in the 2005 program reserve fund. Further protections include a state intercept of local aid for borrowers and the ability to access a bond bank custodian account. The custodian account, bolstered by recent state deposits and funded at approximately $21.4 million as of Feb. 1, 2013, is expected to be utilized for deposits to the pooled program reserve fund on this, and upcoming, bond issues. Payments by the borrowers are due seven days prior to debt service payment; there have been no payment defaults under the program to date. Program reserve funding is required at the IRS maximum; currently cash funded by bond proceeds and bond bank resources although external enhancement may be used. State statute requires the bond bank chair to certify annually the sum necessary to restore the program reserve to the required level. The appropriation for program reserve replenishment is combined with the state's appropriation for its own GO and lease-backed debt. A supplemental resolution for the 2005 resolution bonds requires the bond bank to seek the appropriation annually. The state's 'AAA' GO rating reflects its very substantial reserve balances, conservative financial planning, and moderate debt levels. Risks include the volatility inherent in state revenues, which fluctuate significantly with oil prices and production; the state levies no personal income or general sales taxes. Longer-term challenges include the forecasted slow decline in existing oil production and the state's ability to offset it with new oil production or increased economic diversification. For further information on the state, please see Fitch's press release dated Jan. 7, 2013, 'Fitch Rates Alaska GOs 'AAA' Upgrades Outstanding GO Debt to 'AAA',' available at 'www.fitchratings.com'.
* Interior Minister says would support a new Renzi government
DUBLIN, Dec 10 A group of British and Irish lawyers are seeking to challenge Britain's decision to leave the European Union in the Irish High Court to try to establish if Brexit can be reversed once divorce talks have been triggered.
WASHINGTON, Dec 9 The U.S. Senate passed legislation on Friday to fund the government through April and President Barack Obama promptly signed it into law, after Democrats who had sought more generous healthcare benefits for coal miners stopped delaying action on the measure.