December 19, 2012 / 5:30 PM / 5 years ago

TEXT - Fitch affirms Microsoft ratings

6 Min Read

Dec 19 - Fitch Ratings has affirmed Microsoft Corp.'s 
(Microsoft) ratings as follows: 

--Long-Term Issuer Default Rating (IDR) at 'AA+';
--Senior unsecured debt at 'AA+';
--Short-Term IDR at 'F1+';
--Commercial paper (CP) program at 'F1+'.

The Rating Outlook is Stable. Approximately $14 billion of debt is affected by 
Fitch's action, including Microsoft's issuance of $2.25 billion of senior notes 
on Nov. 7, 2012.

Microsoft's ratings and Outlook reflect the following:

--Fitch anticipates mid-single-digit revenue growth in fiscal year 2013 ending 
June 30, primarily supported by several new major software product 
introductions, including Windows 8, Windows Server 2012 and Office 2013, which 
is expected to be released near the end of calendar year 2012. 

Consumer demand for Windows 8 will also be facilitated by the greater 
availability and broader selection of touch-enabled PCs in a variety of form 
factors from original equipment manufacturers. Continued macroeconomic 
challenges led by Europe and enterprise delays in adopting new PC operating 
systems will temper near-term growth of Windows 8.

--Surface will contribute minimally to free cash flow (FCF) in 2013, given the 
initial lack of scale and highly competitive landscape for tablets.  Microsoft's
Surface Pro tablet, expected in early calendar 2013, is likely to be a 
commercial success given its compatibility with Microsoft Office applications, 
enhanced security and easier manageability. Critical success factors for Surface
Pro will be battery life, cost and availability of key apps. 

--Fitch believes Microsoft has strengthened its position in the mobile phone 
market in the past year as a result of licensing agreements with the vast 
majority of Android device manufacturers and the launch of Windows phone 8 in 
late October 2012.


--The company's Online and Entertainment & Devices segments (Bing, Xbox, Skype, 
Windows Phone, etc.) will continue to be a drag on profitability over the 
intermediate term. These segments remain a critical component of Microsoft's 
longer-term strategy in the consumer market; however, competition remains fierce
and Fitch does not expect these segments to contribute materially to FCF for the
foreseeable future.

--Fitch expects Microsoft to continue to produce strong FCF, in excess of $15 
billion per year, which the company uses to fund its share repurchase and 
dividend programs. Fitch expects cash generation from operations to be strong 
enough to pay for modest annual increases in both dividends and share 
repurchases over the next several years excluding potential for meaningful 
acquisitions. Fitch expects all repurchases will be done within the context of 

--The company's sizable liquidity and superior credit profile provide a 
significant degree of financial flexibility within the current ratings. Going 
forward, Fitch believes Microsoft will become more active with acquisitions and 
share buybacks over time but continue to maintain a significant net cash 

--Absent broader corporate tax reform, Fitch does not expect any negative 
outcome from Microsoft's recent tax hearings with the Senate Permanent 
Subcommittee on Investigations.

Credit Strengths:

--Leading market positioning in its core software businesses, including over 90%
in PC operating systems (OS) and 75% in servers.

--Very strong balance sheet with $66 billion in cash and short-term investments.
Microsoft generates nearly $1 billion in pretax income from interest and 
dividends alone.

--Diversification of end market with consumers and enterprise demand as well as 
strong geographic diversification. No customer is larger than 10% of revenue.

Credit Concerns:

--Reliance on Windows and Office for the vast majority of FCF. In aggregate, 
these products accounted for nearly 80% of total operating income, excluding 
unallocated corporate level expenses. However, strong growth and margin 
expansion in the Server and Tools business has reduced the contribution of 
Windows and Office from a four-year high of nearly 89%. 

--Growing popularity of other operating systems outside of the core PC space, 
principally Apple's iOS as well as Google's Android and Chrome platforms. Fitch 
believes both platforms will continue to grow as competitive threats to Windows.

--Extension of PC replacement cycle due to the popularity of tablets and 

--Minimal historical success in developing profitable consumer businesses 
outside of Microsoft's core Windows and Office ecosystem despite significant 
investment over a decade-plus in other consumer markets. Fitch believes this is 
indicative of the challenging competitive environment. 

--Significant dividend and share repurchase programs, though funded entirely 
today by FCF, could pressure the company to issue increasing amounts of debt to 
avoid repatriation of foreign earnings, which represent the majority of total 
annual FCF.


Negative: Future developments that may, individually or collectively, lead to 
negative rating action include:

--Penetration of alternative operating system's such as Chrome OS in the PC 
market and/or greater market share gains by Apple;

--Greater than expected extensions of PC replacement cycles because of tablets, 
without a commensurate gain from Microsoft Surface. Fitch currently expects PC 
replacement cycles to extend on average up to 12 months.

--Greater acceptance of cheaper software applications that compete with 
Microsoft Office such as Google Docs.  

Positive: Upside movement on the ratings is unlikely.

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