* IMF seeks to restore global economic unity
* Currencies strain recovery effort, values must adjust
* World Bank chief: Currency tensions can end badly
* Hot money wreaks havoc on emerging markets
(Adds topic of G20 discussion, paragraph 7)
By Lesley Wroughton and Walter Brandimarte
WASHINGTON, Oct 7 World leaders must defuse
currency tensions before they worsen to avoid repeating the
mistakes of the Great Depression, the head of the World Bank
said on Thursday.
The spirit of global economic cooperation, first forged in
2008 during the darkest days of the financial crisis, has
weakened as the recession gives way to an uneven and shaky
recovery, the head of the International Monetary Fund warned.
Fears of a global currency war as nations look to export
their way to economic health have jumped to the top of the
agenda at IMF and World Bank meetings this weekend.
The push among nations for a trading edge, reminiscent of
the strains that exacerbated the Great Depression, are also
expected to be a primary topic of discussion when Group of
Seven finance leaders hold a closed-door dinner on Friday.
The meetings provide a forum for intense discussions about
efforts to persuade China to let its currency rise, the
weakening in the U.S. dollar, and the strengthening of emerging
market currencies as investors chase higher yields.
"If one lets this slide into conflict, or forms of
protectionism, then we run the risks of repeating the mistakes
of the 1930s," World Bank President Robert Zoellick told
reporters at a briefing.
Finance ministers from the Group of 20 rich and emerging
hold a working breakfast on Friday, but that meeting will focus
on the separate, touchy issue of giving emerging markets more
power at the IMF. For more on this issue, see [ID:N06275418]
The IMF trimmed its 2011 growth forecast for advanced
economies on Wednesday and warned the task of reducing heavy
government debt burdens, while essential, would act as a
significant drag on growth.
Slow growth at home leaves countries unusually reliant on
exports, heightening concerns they will intentionally weaken
their currencies to boost trade.
Zoellick said history shows "beggar thy neighbor" policies
don't work, and suggested international agencies such as the
IMF and World Trade Organization could help manage currency
tensions before they erupt into something more damaging.
Japan intervened to weaken the yen last month for the first
time in six years, and several emerging markets have taken
steps to prevent their currencies from rising too rapidly.
IMF Take a Look [G7/G8]
IMF Diary [IMF/DIARY]
Table of IMF growth forecasts [ID:nWAL5LE6MD]
Graphic on forex tensions: r.reuters.com/jec96p
PDF report "On the frontline of the global currency war":
CHINA AT THE CENTER
The IMF's managing director, Dominique Strauss-Kahn, said
fading global cooperation was regrettable.
"I think it's fair to say that momentum is not vanishing
but decreasing and that's a real threat," he warned at a
separate news conference. "Everybody has to keep in mind this
mantra that there is no domestic solution to a global crisis."
Strauss-Kahn said he disliked the notion that a currency
war was brewing because the term was "too military," but
conceded "it's fair to say that many do consider their currency
as a weapon and that's certainly not for the good of the global
In an interview published by French newspaper Le Monde
earlier on Thursday, Strauss-Kahn pointed at China's policy on
its yuan currency as a primary sticking point in efforts to
rebalance the global economy.
"The undervaluation of the yuan is the source of tensions
in the world economy which are in the process of becoming a
threat," he told the newspaper. "If we want to avoid creating
the conditions for a new crisis, China will need to accelerate
the appreciation process."
China held the yuan stable during the financial crisis but
in June promised to let it respond more freely to market
forces. Since then it has risen only about 2 percent against
the U.S. dollar.
Strauss-Kahn said having a bigger say at the IMF, as
requested by big emerging economies like China, comes with
greater responsibility in the global economy.
"If you want to be at the center of the system ... it goes
with having more responsibility in the system," he said.
Financial leaders from emerging market countries expressed
some frustration with the rich world's policies, too.
The G24, composed of emerging and developing economies,
said a simultaneous budget clamp-down "presently under way in
many advanced economies poses considerable risks of a downward
spiral in global demand."
The G24 also said low interest rates in advanced economies
were sending investment money flooding into faster-growing
emerging markets, driving up asset prices and inflation.
The European Central Bank and the Bank of England both kept
interest rates at record lows in meetings on Thursday, while
the Bank of Japan cut its benchmark rate to zero this week.
The U.S. Federal Reserve is considering printing more money
to buy assets in the hope of speeding up the pace of U.S.
growth to bring down high unemployment. The side effect is a
weaker dollar that is fueling global tensions.
Since mid-June, the U.S. dollar has fallen nearly 13
percent against a basket of major currencies, erasing most of
the gains it racked up earlier in the year when European
sovereign debt worries sent investors scrambling for safety.
ECB President Jean-Claude Trichet said volatile exchange
rate moves had "adverse implications" for economic and
financial stability and that he shared the view of U.S.
authorities that a strong dollar was in Washington's best
interest. U.S. officials, however, have been silent on the
(Additional reporting by Reuters IMF team; Writing by Emily
Kaiser and Glenn Somerville; Editing by Andrea Ricci and Leslie