(Recasts, adds detail of expected meeting statement)
By Frank Jack Daniel
NEW DELHI Dec 19 Southeast Asian leaders are
expected to lay out a vision for closer cooperation with India
on security and the economy at a high-level gathering in New
Delhi at a time of tension with China in the potentially oil-
and gas-rich South China Sea.
The meeting is a ceremonial summit to mark 20 years of
cooperation with India and will not include detailed
negotiations on regional issues, India's Foreign Minister Salman
Khurshid told Reuters.
But ministry officials said the leaders would also produce a
statement which is expected to reiterate a commitment to freedom
of navigation, a hot issue because of territorial conflicts in
the South China Sea.
Some ASEAN countries contest claims by China in the waters,
making it the biggest potential flashpoint in the region. The
United States has called for calm, but some are also looking to
India, the other regional heavyweight, to get involved.
"They want India to play a larger role. Those concerns are
only increasing given the uncertain situation that is emerging,"
said C. Raja Mohan, a strategic affairs expert at the Observer
Research Foundation think-tank.
For India, improved relations with Southeast Asia will give
it entry into one of the fastest-growing economic regions in the
world and a source of raw materials needed for its own growth.
Poor there are poor transport links between India and the
nations to its southeast, and constraints like India's tiny
diplomatic corps - similar in size to New Zealand's - mean India
trails China in relations with the region.
Trade between India and the 10-member ASEAN was up to $80
billion last year compared with $47 billion in 2008. An
agreement on free trade in services and investment could be
signed at the New Delhi meeting.
But India's role in the region is dwarfed by that of China,
which enjoyed trade worth a record $363 billion with ASEAN
countries in 2011 in an already established free trade area.
"What we need is far greater connectivity," Khurshid said in
an interview with Reuters, mentioning roads, railways and
flights as areas needing work. He described a 10-year plan to
double the number of diplomats to reflect India's global
"RESPECT FOR LAW OF SEA"
The prime ministers of Thailand, Singapore, Cambodia,
Malaysia and Vietnam, the presidents of Myanmar, Laos and
Indonesia, and the vice president of the Philippines are
scheduled to attend the summit along with the sultan of Brunei.
India walks a delicate line to balance its increasingly
close partnership with Washington as President Barack Obama
steps up the U.S. presence in Asian, and the reality of living
next door to China, Asia's fastest-growing superpower.
Khurshid played down the possibility of any tension with
China and reiterated that India had no territorial claims in the
South China Sea.
"I don't think this is something that will reach hostility
or conflict, there are differences obviously - China has a very
clear perception about its sovereignty and it also has a very
clear idea of how it wants to resolve these issues.
"It's not something that cannot be resolved, it is certainly
not something in which we are directly involved, we've said
categorically that there should be compliance and respect for
the law of the sea."
But India's "Look East" policy and a need to lock down
energy supplies for its rapidly growing industrial sector are
pushing it gradually to step up military activities in the
region with more joint exercises and visits.
The meeting's statement on ties will include elements of an
expert report ASEAN adopted at a meeting in Cambodia in
November, an Indian foreign ministry spokesman said.
The experts called on India and ASEAN to work together to
ensure "evolving regional economic and security architectures
will promote the goal of open regionalism".
This month, India's navy chief said his force was ready to
deploy naval vessels to the South China Sea to protect its
oil-exploration interests there if needed.
India is exploring oil and gas blocks with Vietnam in the
disputed waters and in future is likely to bring more liquefied
natural gas through the Malacca Straits.
(Additional reporting by John Chalmers; Editing by Raju