* Twitter messages rally support for opposition
* Websites are focal point for young Iranians
* U.S. State Dept. asked for Twitter outage delay
(adds State Dept. comment, paragraphs 5-7)
By Georgina Prodhan
LONDON, June 16 Supporters of defeated Iranian
presidential candidate Mirhossein Mousavi posted defiant
messages on Twitter on Tuesday, calling for a second banned
pro-Mousavi rally to go ahead and offering security updates.
Social networking websites such as Twitter and Facebook
have become a focal point for young, urban Iranians opposed to
President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, who defeated Mousavi in Friday's
presidential election and whose government controls the state
"Alert: Mousavi march still on. 5PM," read one short
message, or "tweet," on Twitter.
"Good luck at the march. Don't take cars, they will be
waiting for you when you return to them," read another, as
tweets on the subject of the Iranian election poured onto the
site every few seconds.
A U.S. official said meanwhile that the U.S. State
Department had contacted Twitter at the weekend to urge it to
delay a planned upgrade that could have cut daytime service to
"We highlighted to them that this was an important form of
communication," the official said of the conversation the
department had with Twitter. The official, speaking in
Washington, declined further details. The request was made
despite the Obama administration's stated concern not to meddle
in the post-election dispute.
Twitter had said earlier it had delayed the upgrade,
without mentioning any contact with the U.S. government.
BLOCKED TEXT MESSAGES
The Iranian government blocked SMS text messages during
polling after opposition candidates used them to galvanise key
young voters during the fiercely contested election campaign,
and Tehran residents were still unable to send SMSs on Monday.
The BBC's Persian service was also blocked.
Social networking site Facebook, which has about 150,000
members in Iran, said on Monday it had had reports that some
users in Iran were having difficulties accessing Facebook.
"This is disappointing, especially at a time when citizens
are turning to the Internet as a source of information about
the recent election," it said in a statement.
Twitter Inc said in a blog post on its site it was delaying
a planned upgrade because of its role as an "important
communication tool in Iran." The hourlong maintenance was put
back to 5 p.m. EDT/2100 GMT, which corresponds to 1:30 a.m. on
Wednesday in Iran.
It said the upgrade had orginally been planned for Monday
night in the United States, which would have cut daytime
service in Iran on Tuesday.
Unrest has rocked Tehran and other cities since the
Interior Ministry released results on Saturday that showed
hardliner Ahmadinejad had defeated Mousavi by a landslide.
Mousavi has appealed to Iran's top legislative body to
annul the result because of irregularities, a charge the
Interior Ministry and Ahmadinejad have dismissed. The Guardian
Council said it was ready to carry out a partial recount.
According to Internet censorship monitor OpenNet
Initiative, Iranians began taking to the Internet in droves
during the 1997-2005 presidency of Mohammad Khatami, when
dozens of independent publications were shut down and
In a 2007 report on Iran, the OpenNet Initiative estimated
there were about 400,000 blogs in Farsi, as publishing on the
Internet exploded, despite what it called "one of the most
extensive technical filtering systems in the world."
More than 23 million Iranians in a country of 70 million --
more than 60 percent of whom are under the age of 20 -- have
access to the Internet.
Facebook was shut off in Iran on May 23, joining political
and human-rights websites which had already been blocked. The
ban was lifted on May 26, following strong criticism from
Mousavi has almost 48,000 supporters on his main Facebook
page. Ahmadinejad also has a page with 2,615 fans, while the "I
bet I can find 1,000,000 people who dislike Mahmoud
Ahmadinejad!" group has more than 57,000 members.
(Additional reporting by Claudia Parsons in New York and Sue
Pleming in Washington; Editing by Giles Elgood and Frances