* Qatar Telecom now owns 64.1 pct of Asiacell
* Asiacell shares end 5.7 pct higher on Baghdad bourse debut
* Bourse trading in Asiacell shares was worth $651,600
* Listing roughly doubles Iraq bourse capitalisation
* Rival telcos Zain Iraq and Korek must also list
By Aseel Kami and Matt Smith
BAGHDAD/DUBAI, Feb 4 Qatar Telecom
used Iraqi unit Asiacell's $1.27 billion share sale, Iraq's
largest ever flotation, to raise its stake to 64 percent in a
vote of confidence in a country recovering from years of war and
As the first big equity sale since a U.S.-led invasion of
2003 toppled Saddam Hussein, the listing of Iraq's No.2 telecom
operator was seen as a test of investor appetite, with other
local telecoms firms also required to float as a condition of
their operating licences.
The initial verdict seems positive. Asiacell shareholders,
led by managing director Faruq Mustafa Rasool, sold 67.5 billion
shares in the offer, a quarter of its share capital, at 22
dinars apiece and it was fully subscribed by Sunday's close.
A day later, Asiacell shares ended 5.7 percent higher at
23.25 dinars on the Iraq Stock Exchange (ISX).
Some 70 percent of the public offer went to foreign
investors, including Qatar Telecom (Qtel).
Iraq did not have a mobile phone market under Saddam Hussein
and the sector has blossomed since his fall to become the
country's fastest growing industry after oil.
With the economy forecast to grow 10 percent a year over the
next three years, the potential for mobile phone operators is
great, although there are also security and logistical problems.
Qtel said on Monday it had raised its stake in Asiacell to
64.1 percent - from 53.9 percent previously - implying it may
have accounted for more than a third of the shares sold in the
Qtel agreed in June to pay $1.5 billion to double its
holding in Asiacell to 60 percent as part of a broader strategy
to tighten its control over its foreign units, which span the
Middle East, Asia and Africa.
Part of that deal - a 6.1 percent stake - was subject to
regulatory approval, which Qtel has now received, it said.
That means ahead of Asiacell's bourse debut, Iraqi holdings
in Asiacell fell to 28.6 percent from 46.1 percent, according to
Reuters calculations. Yet a key aim of Asiacell's flotation was
to return some of the country's wealth to its people.
"The stock is unlikely to be very liquid considering that a
large part of the share sale was bought by foreign direct
investors who are likely to keep the shares for a long time,"
said Hassan Aldahan, chairman of Baghdad-based investment
company Bain Alnahrain.
About 32.9 million Asiacell shares changed hands on the ISX
on Monday. This trading was worth 759.17 million dinars
($651,600), with the bourse's total turnover $4.02 million. That
compares with a January daily bourse average of $4.59 million.
Asiacell's offer valued the company at about $4.95 billion
and its listing roughly doubles the bourse's market value.
"This marks the birth of the ISX as a real stock market,"
said Bartle Bull, portfolio manager of Northern Gulf Partners'
Iraq equity fund in New York. "Iraq has a far more open, dynamic
business culture than many Gulf countries. The Iraqis are
smarter and tougher. We should see some more companies coming."
Asiacell's bigger domestic rival Zain Iraq, a subsidiary of
Kuwait's Zain, as well as France Telecom
affiliate Korek, are also required to offer a quarter of their
shares under the terms of their operating licences, having
missed an initial August 2011 deadline to do so.
"The big cell phone companies are the bellwether stocks in
any market, they're so well correlated to the overall GDP
story," said Bull, who invested about 10-20 percent of his
fund's money in the Asiacell offering.
He expects Zain's share offer to be launched by mid year.
While Asiacell had first mover advantage in tapping local
Iraqi liquidity, Sebastien Henin, portfolio manager at The
National Investor in Abu Dhabi, said the operator's flotation
would aid its domestic rivals' listings.
"Iraq is a market that is largely unknown, with only a few
fund managers investing in it and Asiacell has highlighted the
market dynamics," added Henin.
"Now, more investors will follow Iraq and there will be more
liquidity for the next IPOs in the telecom sector. Plus, there's
a global shift from fixed income to equities and a lot of this
is moving into emerging and frontier markets."