| TOKYO, Sept 28
TOKYO, Sept 28 Japan faces the prospect of
removing and disposing 29 million cubic metres of soil
contaminated by the world's worst nuclear crisis in 25 years
from an area nearly the size of Tokyo, the environment
ministry said in the first official estimate of the scope and
size of the cleanup.
Six months after the March 11 earthquake and
tsunami triggered reactor meltdowns, explosions and radiation
leaks at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant on Japan's
northeast coast, the size of the task of cleaning up is only now
Contaminated zones where radiation levels need to be brought
down could top 2,400 square km (930 square miles), sprawling
over Fukushima and four nearby prefectures, the ministry said in
a report released on Tuesday.
Tokyo Metropolitan prefecture has a total area of 2,170
square kilometers (840 square miles).
The environment ministry has requested an additional 450
billion yen in a third extra budget for the year to next March
that the government aims to submit to parliament in October,
Kyodo news agency reported.
The government has so far raised 220 billion yen ($2.9
billion) to be used for decontamination work, but some experts
say the cleanup bill cost reach trillions of yen .
If a 5 cm (2-inch) layer of surface soil, likely
to contain cesium, is scraped off affected areas, grass and
fallen leaves are removed from forests, and dirt and leaves are
removed from gutters, it would amount to nearly 29 million cubic
metres of radioactive waste, the document showed.
This would be is enough to fill 23 baseball stadiums with a
capacity of 55,000 spectators, and the government must decide
where to temporarily store such waste and how to dispose of it
Japan has banned people from entering within a 20 km (12
mile) radius of the plant, located about 240 km (150 miles)
northeast of Tokyo and owned by Tokyo Electric Power Co
. Some 80,000 people were forced to evacuate.
The government aims to halve radiation over two years in
places contaminated by the crisis, relying on both the natural
drop in radiation as time passes and by human efforts.
The ministry's estimate assumes that cleanup efforts should
be mainly in areas where people could be exposed to radiation of
5 millisieverts (mSv) or more annually, excluding exposure from
The unit sievert quantifies the amount of radiation absorbed
by human tissues and a mSv is one-thousandth of a sievert.
Radiation exposure from natural sources in a year is
about 2.4 mSv on average, the U.N. atomic watchdog said.
($1 = 76.655 Japanese yen)
(Editing by Ed Lane)