* Expert panel calls for sanctioning 3 entities, 12
* North Korea continues to try to skirt sanctions - UN panel
* Panel urges UN sanctions on Kazakh, Ukrainian nationals
(Adds quotes, details)
By Louis Charbonneau and Michelle Nichols
UNITED NATIONS, May 14 Increasingly tough
financial sanctions, an arms embargo and other international
restrictions on trade with North Korea have significantly
delayed Pyongyang's illicit nuclear arms program, according to a
confidential report by a U.N. panel of experts seen by Reuters
"While the imposition of sanctions has not halted the
development of nuclear and ballistic missile programs, it has in
all likelihood considerably delayed (North Korea's) timetable
and, through the imposition of financial sanctions and the bans
on the trade in weapons, has choked off significant funding
which would have been channeled into its prohibited activities,"
the 52-page report said.
In the report to the U.N. Security Council's North Korea
sanctions committee, the panel also recommended sanctioning
three North Korean entities and 12 individuals. It will be up to
the 15-nation council whether or not it follows the
The three entities the panel said should be blacklisted are
the newly created Ministry of Atomic Energy Industry, the
Munitions Industry Department of the Central Committee of the
Korean Workers Party (KWP), and the State Space Development
The individuals the panel wants sanctioned include the
atomic energy industry minister, once he is nominated, and four
senior officials at the KWP Munitions Industry Department.
It also recommends the blacklisting of one national from
Kazakhstan, Aleksandr Viktorovich Zykov, and two from Ukraine,
Iurii Lunov and Igor Karev-Popov, for their involvement in North
Korea-related arms deals.
"The DPRK (North Korea) has continued to defy the
international community in a series of actions which have
heightened concern about its intentions," it said.
The panel listed North Korea's February nuclear test and its
rocket launches as examples of violations that have increased
international concerns about Pyongyang. It was North Korea's
third nuclear test since 2006.
Pyongyang is under U.N., U.S., European Union and other
sanctions, including a U.N. ban on all arms exports, due to its
nuclear weapons program.
Among potential violations the panel listed were the seizure
by a U.N. member state of aluminum alloys suspected to be
nuclear-related in August 2012 and the seizure of
missile-related items bound for Syria in May 2012.
Previous breaches included shipments of arms-related
material to Syria in November 2010 and rocket fuses for Iran in
2008, the panel report said.
"The DPRK has continued its efforts to import and export
items relevant to missile and nuclear programs and arms," it
said. "There was no major change in either the number or nature
of the incidents investigated by the panel over the reporting
(Reporting by Louis Charbonneau and Michelle Nichols. Editing
by Christopher Wilson and Xavier Briand)