* China wants "full implementation" of sanctions resolution
* Rice says Pyongyang will achieve nothing with its threats
* Russia calls for restraint, return to 6-party talks
(Adds quotes, Chinese envoy)
By Louis Charbonneau and Michelle Nichols
UNITED NATIONS, March 7 In response to North
Korea's third nuclear test, the U.N. Security Council voted on
Thursday to tighten financial restrictions on Pyongyang and
crack down on its attempts to ship and receive banned cargo in
breach of U.N. sanctions.
The U.S.-drafted resolution, approved unanimously by the
15-nation council, was the product of three weeks of
negotiations between the United States and China after North
Korea's Feb. 12 test.
U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, a former South Korean
foreign minister, said the resolution "sent an unequivocal
message to (North Korea) that the international community will
not tolerate its pursuit of nuclear weapons."
The resolution specifies some luxury items that North
Korea's elite will not be allowed to import, such as yachts,
racing cars, luxury automobiles and certain types of jewelry.
This is to close a loophole that previously allowed countries to
decide for themselves what constitutes a luxury good.
The export of luxury goods, and items related to Pyongyang's
nuclear and missile programs, to North Korea has been prohibited
since 2006, though diplomats and analysts say the enforcement of
U.N. sanctions has been uneven.
"The strength, breadth and severity of these sanctions will
raise the cost to North Korea of its illicit nuclear program and
further constrain its ability to finance and source materials
and technology for its ballistic missile, conventional and
nuclear weapons program," said U.S. Ambassador to the United
Nations Susan Rice.
"When North Korea tries to move money to pay for its nuclear
and ballistic missile programs, countries must now block those
transfers even if the money is being carried in suitcases full
of bulk cash," she said.
China's Ambassador Li Baodong reiterated Beijing's calls for
a resumption of the stalled six-party aid-for-disarmament talks
between the two Koreas, United States, China, Russia and Japan.
"We want to see full implementation of the resolution,"
China's U.N. Ambassador Li Baodong told reporters. "The top
priority now is to defuse the tension, bring down heat, focus on
the diplomatic track."
NOT A DAY FOR DIALOGUE
Rice also reacted to North Korea's latest volley of
bellicose rhetoric, in which it threatened the United States
with a preemptive nuclear strike.
"North Korea will achieve nothing by continued threats and
provocations. These will only further isolate the country and
its people and undermine international efforts to promote peace
and stability in northeast Asia," Rice said.
Russian Ambassador Vitaly Churkin called for restraint and
an end to the threats. "Let's keep our minds cool and keep
focused on the need for the only possible rational course of
action, and that is returning to six-party talks," he said.
But South Korea's Ambassador Kim Sook said that negotiations
with Pyongyang were not Seoul's priority at the moment: "Today
is not the day for talking about dialogue."
The success of the new measures, council diplomats say, will
depend to a large extent on the willingness of North Korea's
ally China to enforce them more than it has done in the past.
Council diplomats say the point of the new measures is to
bring the North Korea sanctions regime more in line with tough
U.N. measures in place against Iran.
They say the U.N. sanctions regime against Iran over its
nuclear program, which Western powers and their allies say is
intended for making weapons but Tehran says is peaceful, has
been more effective than the restrictions on Pyongyang. That,
they say, is why they used the Iran measures as a model.
Pyongyang was hit with U.N. sanctions for its 2006 and 2009
nuclear tests, measures that were subsequently tightened and
expanded after several rocket launches. In addition to the
luxury goods ban, there is an arms embargo on North Korea, and
it is forbidden from trading in nuclear and missile technology.
The resolution also expresses the council's "determination
to take further significant measures in the event of a further
DPRK (North Korean rocket) launch or nuclear test."
It imposes an obligation on the United Nations' 193 member
states to block any financial services or monetary transfers
that "could contribute to the DPRK's nuclear or ballistic
It also adds a binding obligation on countries to "not
provide public financial support for trade with the DPRK" if it
could in any way support North Korea's nuclear or missile work.
(Reporting by Louis Charbonneau; Editing by Doina Chiacu and