BENGHAZI Aug 31 Libya's National Transitional
Council (NTC) has set out steps leading to democratic elections
monitored by the United Nations within 18 months.
The plan goes into effect with a "declaration of liberation"
which the NTC has not defined precisely, though NTC chairman
Abdel Mustafa Jalil told reporters the conditions for such a
declaration included the capture or death of Muammar Gaddafi.
The NTC's Constitution Declaration for governing during the
transitional period sets out the main guidelines for the way the
country is to be overseen as it emerges from six months of war.
Libya is a democratic, independent state with Tripoli its
capital, Islam its religion, sharia, Islamic law as the main
source of legislation and Arabic as its official language. The
rights of minority groups and all sections of society are
The state will establish a democratic political system based
on political and party pluralism aiming for a peaceful,
democratic transition of power.
All Libyans are equal before the law and are not
discriminated against because of religion, faith, language,
wealth, gender, ancestry, political views, social status or
tribal, group or family affiliation.
The state guarantees freedom of opinion and expression, as
well as freedom of the press and peaceful protests.
The state guarantees the right to form political parties,
societies and civil society organizations. The formation of
secret or armed societies, or societies that do not comply with
public order shall not be permitted.
GOVERNANCE IN THE TRANSITIONAL PERIOD
The NTC is the highest authority. It is made up of
representatives of local councils who are chosen to reflect
The NTC will be based in Tripoli and will appoint an
Executive Office - or interim government - consisting of a head
and members to run specific portfolios. The Executive Office is
responsible to the NTC for implementing NTC policy.
The NTC will set up an audit bureau that will monitor
revenues and expenses and ensure funds are properly used.
After "declaring liberation", the NTC will move to its
headquarters in Tripoli and form a transitional government
within 30 days. Within 90 days of declaring liberation, the NTC
will issue legislation about the election of a Public National
Conference (PNC), appoint an elections commission and call for
the election of the PNC.
The PNC will be elected within 240 days of the declaration
of liberation. It will consist of 200 elected members.
The NTC will be dissolved at the first meeting of the PNC. The
transitional government continues until the formation of an
Within 30 days of its first meeting, the PNC will appoint a
prime minister who will nominate his government which will
become an interim government.
The PNC will appoint a Constituent Authority for drafting a
constitution which should submit a draft constitution to the PNC
within 60 days of its first meeting.
The PNC will approve the draft constitution and will put it
to a referendum within 30 days. If it is approved by a
two-thirds majority, the Constituent Authority will endorse it
as the constitution, and it will be ratified by the PNC. If it
is rejected, the Constituent Authority will have to re-draft it
and put it to a referendum again within 30 days.
The PNC will issue a general elections law in line with the
constitution within 30 days and a general election will be held
within 180 days of the declaration of the laws.
A Supreme National Elections Commission, to be appointed by
the PNC, will be responsible for holding general elections
"under the supervision of the national judiciary and to be
monitored by the UN as well as international and regional
The PNC will endorse and announce the election results. A
new legislature will convene within 30 days. At its first
meeting, the PNC will be dissolved and the new legislature will
assume its duties.
With the first meeting of the legislature, the government
will becomes a caretaker government until the appointment of a
permanent government in accordance with the constitution.
(Editing by Giles Elgood)