June 13 Here is a timeline on the revolt in
Libya since the first protests against the rule of Muammar
Gaddafi began in February:
Feb 15/16, 2011 - A riot in Benghazi is triggered by the
arrest of human rights activist Fethi Tarbel, who has worked to
free political prisoners, Quryna newspaper reports.
Feb. 17 - Activists designate a day of rage. It is the
anniversary of 2006 clashes in Benghazi when security forces
killed protesters attacking the city's Italian consulate.
Feb. 21 - Diplomats at Libya's mission to the United Nations
side with the revolt and call on the Libyan army to help
Feb. 22 - Gaddafi vows to die "a martyr" in Libya and says
he will crush the revolt.
Feb. 24 - Anti-Libyan government militias take control of
Misrata after evicting forces loyal to Gaddafi.
Feb. 26 - The U.N. Security Council imposes sanctions on
Gaddafi and his family, and refers Libya's crackdown on rebels
to the International Criminal Court.
Feb. 28 - EU governments approve a package of sanctions
against Gaddafi and his closest advisers including an arms
embargo and bans on travel to the bloc.
-- Gaddafi refuses to acknowledge protests in the streets of
Tripoli, saying all Libyans love him.
March 5 - The National Council meets in Benghazi and
declares itself sole representative for Libya.
March 10 - France recognises the Libyan National Council as
the legitimate representative of Libya's people. Libya suspends
diplomatic relations with France the next day.
March 16 - Forces loyal to Gaddafi are near rebel-held
Benghazi. Gaddafi's son Saif al-Islam tells France-based TV
channel Euronews: "Everything will be over in 48 hours."
March 17 - The U.N. Security Council votes to authorise a
no-fly zone over Libya and "all necessary measures" -- code for
military action -- to protect civilians against Gaddafi's army.
March 19 - The first air strikes halt the advance of
Gaddafi's forces on Benghazi and target Libya's air defences.
March 22 - "We will not surrender," Gaddafi tells supporters
forming a human shield to protect him at his Tripoli compound.
March 28 - Qatar becomes the first Arab country to recognise
Libya's rebels as the people's legitimate representative.
March 29 - A London conference of 40 governments and
organisations agrees to set up a contact group comprising 20
countries to coordinate efforts in a post-Gaddafi Libya.
March 30 - Libyan Foreign Minister Moussa Koussa defects and
flies to Britain.
April 10 - Gaddafi accepts a roadmap for ending the
conflict, South African President Jacob Zuma says after leading
a delegation of four African leaders at talks in Tripoli.
April 11 - Rebels reject an African Union peace plan as it
does not address their main demand that Gaddafi quit.
April 29 - Gaddafi, in a live speech, says he is ready for a
ceasefire and negotiations, provided NATO "stops its planes".
April 30 - A NATO missile attack on a house in Tripoli kills
Gaddafi's youngest son and three grandchildren.
May 13 - The Transitional National Council (TNC) says it has
named officials to a number of portfolios to set up an effective
May 16 - The International Criminal Court's prosecutor says
he requested arrest warrants for Gaddafi, his son Saif al-Islam,
and their intelligence chief for crimes against humanity.
May 24 - Jordan announces it recognises the rebel council.
May 30 - In his first appearance in a month, Gaddafi renews
a ceasefire call in talks with visiting South African President
Zuma but gives no sign he will heed demands to step down.
May 31 - Foreign Minister Franco Frattini opens Italy's
consulate in Benghazi and pledges financial support.
June 1 - Libya's top oil official Shokri Ghanem appears in
Rome, saying he defected after the relentless bloodshed.
June 3 - China makes its first confirmed contact with Libyan
rebels in a meeting in Qatar.
June 6 - Libyan rebels enter Yafran, southwest of the
capital, previously controlled by loyalist forces.
June 7 - Gaddafi vows in a speech broadcast live, to fight
to the end, after NATO intensifies air strikes on Tripoli.
June 8 - Spain recognises the TNC as the country's
legitimate representative. Australia recognises the TNC the next
-- Western and Arab nations meet rebels in Abu Dhabi to
focus on what an U.S. official calls the "end-game" for Gaddafi.
June 12 - Government artillery barrages strike near Misrata.
Rebel fighters have pushed pro-Gaddafi forces out of the city,
but government troops still surround it on three sides. Gaddafi
forces also heavily bombard Zintan.
June 13 - Germany recognises the rebel TNC.
(Writing by David Cutler, London Editorial Reference Unit)