June 13, 2011 / 4:16 PM / in 6 years

TIMELINE-Libya's uprising against Muammar Gaddafi

June 13 (Reuters) - Here is a timeline on the revolt in Libya since the first protests against the rule of Muammar Gaddafi began in February:

Feb 15/16, 2011 - A riot in Benghazi is triggered by the arrest of human rights activist Fethi Tarbel, who has worked to free political prisoners, Quryna newspaper reports.

Feb. 17 - Activists designate a day of rage. It is the anniversary of 2006 clashes in Benghazi when security forces killed protesters attacking the city’s Italian consulate.

Feb. 21 - Diplomats at Libya’s mission to the United Nations side with the revolt and call on the Libyan army to help overthrow Gaddafi.

Feb. 22 - Gaddafi vows to die “a martyr” in Libya and says he will crush the revolt.

Feb. 24 - Anti-Libyan government militias take control of Misrata after evicting forces loyal to Gaddafi.

Feb. 26 - The U.N. Security Council imposes sanctions on Gaddafi and his family, and refers Libya’s crackdown on rebels to the International Criminal Court.

Feb. 28 - EU governments approve a package of sanctions against Gaddafi and his closest advisers including an arms embargo and bans on travel to the bloc.

-- Gaddafi refuses to acknowledge protests in the streets of Tripoli, saying all Libyans love him.

March 5 - The National Council meets in Benghazi and declares itself sole representative for Libya.

March 10 - France recognises the Libyan National Council as the legitimate representative of Libya’s people. Libya suspends diplomatic relations with France the next day.

March 16 - Forces loyal to Gaddafi are near rebel-held Benghazi. Gaddafi’s son Saif al-Islam tells France-based TV channel Euronews: “Everything will be over in 48 hours.”

March 17 - The U.N. Security Council votes to authorise a no-fly zone over Libya and “all necessary measures” -- code for military action -- to protect civilians against Gaddafi’s army.

March 19 - The first air strikes halt the advance of Gaddafi’s forces on Benghazi and target Libya’s air defences.

March 22 - “We will not surrender,” Gaddafi tells supporters forming a human shield to protect him at his Tripoli compound.

March 28 - Qatar becomes the first Arab country to recognise Libya’s rebels as the people’s legitimate representative.

March 29 - A London conference of 40 governments and organisations agrees to set up a contact group comprising 20 countries to coordinate efforts in a post-Gaddafi Libya.

March 30 - Libyan Foreign Minister Moussa Koussa defects and flies to Britain.

April 10 - Gaddafi accepts a roadmap for ending the conflict, South African President Jacob Zuma says after leading a delegation of four African leaders at talks in Tripoli.

April 11 - Rebels reject an African Union peace plan as it does not address their main demand that Gaddafi quit.

April 29 - Gaddafi, in a live speech, says he is ready for a ceasefire and negotiations, provided NATO “stops its planes”.

April 30 - A NATO missile attack on a house in Tripoli kills Gaddafi’s youngest son and three grandchildren.

May 13 - The Transitional National Council (TNC) says it has named officials to a number of portfolios to set up an effective administration.

May 16 - The International Criminal Court’s prosecutor says he requested arrest warrants for Gaddafi, his son Saif al-Islam, and their intelligence chief for crimes against humanity.

May 24 - Jordan announces it recognises the rebel council.

May 30 - In his first appearance in a month, Gaddafi renews a ceasefire call in talks with visiting South African President Zuma but gives no sign he will heed demands to step down.

May 31 - Foreign Minister Franco Frattini opens Italy’s consulate in Benghazi and pledges financial support.

June 1 - Libya’s top oil official Shokri Ghanem appears in Rome, saying he defected after the relentless bloodshed.

June 3 - China makes its first confirmed contact with Libyan rebels in a meeting in Qatar.

June 6 - Libyan rebels enter Yafran, southwest of the capital, previously controlled by loyalist forces.

June 7 - Gaddafi vows in a speech broadcast live, to fight to the end, after NATO intensifies air strikes on Tripoli.

June 8 - Spain recognises the TNC as the country’s legitimate representative. Australia recognises the TNC the next day.

-- Western and Arab nations meet rebels in Abu Dhabi to focus on what an U.S. official calls the “end-game” for Gaddafi.

June 12 - Government artillery barrages strike near Misrata. Rebel fighters have pushed pro-Gaddafi forces out of the city, but government troops still surround it on three sides. Gaddafi forces also heavily bombard Zintan.

June 13 - Germany recognises the rebel TNC. (Writing by David Cutler, London Editorial Reference Unit)

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