* Banking sector gets ECB liquidity injection
* German two-year yields could dip negative, say strategists
* Analysts see slow healing process in money markets
(Adds fresh quotes, updates prices)
By Marius Zaharia
LONDON, June 17 German two-year bond yields
traded near one-year lows on Tuesday, as the European Central
Bank released tens of billions of euros into the euro zone
banking sector, anchoring short-term interest rates around zero.
For the first time the ECB did not hold a weekly deposit
tender to neutralise the effect of the bond purchases it made at
the height of the crisis, effectively injecting back into the
market the 108 billion it drained last week.
That was partly offset by banks taking less in one-week
loans than last Tuesday at the ECB's regular offering of
unlimited cash - 98 billion euros compared with 137 billion -
but still represented a significant cash injection.
German two-year bond yields edged 2 basis
points higher on the day to 0.047 percent, but were still close
to the 0.027 percent hit on Monday, which was the lowest since
the end of May 2013.
Shorter-dated bonds outperformed in a broader sell-off on
Tuesday, which traders said was driven by fears the U.S. Federal
Reserve may raise interest rates sooner than expected after
consumer prices made their largest jump in more than a year.
Some analysts said that the ECB's liquidity injection could
push two-year yields into negative territory, adding however
that it would be only a temporary phenomenon as investors would
eventually sell two-year bonds for longer-dated debt or paper
from other issuers to get a positive return.
"The boost to excess liquidity in the system will compress
rates but we are not really looking for significant negative
yields," said Anton Heese, co-head of European interest rates
strategy at Morgan Stanley.
"In the past when you have seen negative yields, it has been
driven more by a safe haven bid rather than excess liquidity."
Germany and the Netherlands sold treasury bills at a
negative yield on Monday, the direct result of the ECB cutting
the rate it offers banks to keep their money in overnight
deposits to minus 10 basis points.
The ECB's move is effectively penalising banks for not
putting money to work. Negative T-bill yields mean governments
will pay investors back less than they borrowed when the paper
Policymakers hope negative rates in time will force money
out of the financial system and into the real economy. But some
analysts remain pessimistic.
"If you don't want to lend money to businesses because you
don't trust the economic viability of companies, you will not do
it, no matter what incentives you get from the central bank,"
said Marius Daheim, chief strategist at Bayerische Landesbank.
"The credit channel is blocked ... People don't trust the
economy because growth is feeble, inflation is low, household
debt is pretty high and unemployment is high as well."
The fact that banks reduced their take-up by 40 billion
euros just as the ECB injected nearly three times that sum in
the market shows the bloc's banking system remains fragmented.
It means the ECB's cash withdrawals had mainly been funded
by the higher-rated banks in the euro zone's healthier states,
while lower-rated peripheral banks remain reliant on ECB
liquidity. At the same time, money fails to flow smoothly from
the core banks to the peripheral banks.
Negative deposit rates might in the future help reduce
fragmentation, in a process that will lead to smaller ECB
liquidity injections, shrinking the banking sector's spare cash
and keeping money market rates positive.
"Some banks, maybe a small percentage, may decide to lend a
bit more to the periphery. But we're talking about months,
quarters, maybe a year," said Elwin de Groot, market economist
(Additional reporting by John Geddie; Editing by Nigel
Stephenson and Mark Trevelyan)