5 Min Read
* German yields dragged down by weak economy, easy policy
* German funding costs may avoid new lows on lower euro risk
* Euro zone yield convergence not based on fundamentals
By Ana Nicolaci da Costa
LONDON, April 12 (Reuters) - German bond yields, close to their lowest since the European Central Bank pledged to save the euro, may not fall much further as long as investors keep faith with the "whatever it takes" promise.
German borrowing costs hit their lowest last week since ECB President Mario Draghi vowed to protect the euro in July, but analysts say this time the doomsday scenario of a euro break-up is not the main driver and this should set a floor for yields.
That is because Draghi's speech was followed up by a pledge, so far untested, to buy the bonds of struggling sovereigns, significantly reducing the risk of the euro collapsing.
"Back in July last year, when we were pricing these very low German yields, that was against an existential risk to the euro," Thushka Maharaj, interest rate strategist at Credit Suisse said.
"Now they are a function of the weak (euro zone) data, the expansion of bond-purchases we are seeing globally, more notably in Japan, and changes to regulation which require more collateral and keeps demand for high quality assets high."
Investors favour euro zone benchmark Germany's triple-A rated and liquid debt in times of market or economic stress.
A sluggish U.S. economic recovery was also underpinning demand for safe debt, analysts said.
Ten-year German yields hit their lowest since July 24 at 1.199 percent last Friday after the ECB said it was ready to act to revive growth and after the Bank of Japan announced a stimulus plan involving massive bond purchases.
The move spurred speculation Japanese investors would dump local bonds in favour of euro zone debt.
While higher-yielding but low risk debt from France, the Netherlands, Austria and Belgium in particular were expected to benefit, German bonds could also see inflows from Japan.
However, 10-year yields bounced off last Friday's eight-month low and were last at 1.27 percent.
Patrick Jacq, rate strategist at BNP Paribas, does not expect German 10-year yields to match or break below record lows of 1.126 percent hit in July of last year.
At that time, yields on bonds from highly-indebted countries such as Spain and Italy were approaching levels seen as unsustainable and investors sought shelter in low-risk Germany.
"Along with the decline in German yields we have a tightening in (peripheral) spreads which means that it is not driven by flight to quality. So it doesn't make sense to see ten-year yields in Germany falling (to) levels we were at last year or even lower," Jacq said.
He recommends selling Bunds when yields fall below 1.30 percent, also because the bonds would look less attractive than those of other relatively safe euro zone countries.
"When you look at the level of yield in Germany and when you look at the level of volatility which I would say is almost similar in Germany, France, Belgium, and Austria, you have a risk return environment which is not favourable in Germany."
Some analysts said the relative calm in financial markets was precarious because it is based on a promise of ECB action and sentiment could quickly turn should investors begin to question the central bank's commitment.
In that case, Bund yields could break to new lows as investors seek refuge in safe-haven assets.
At the same time, they said the recent narrowing in yield differentials within the euro zone, which in some circumstances might suggest investors were not discriminating between risks associated with different countries' debt, was exaggerated.
That is because it had mainly been driven by a fall in the funding costs of Spain and Italy, supported by the ECB backstop, rather than by a rise in German yields, suggesting investors remained cautious.
"The fact there is almost no movement from Germany and a huge movement in peripherals is indicative to us of this convergence for the wrong reason," Lyn Graham-Taylor, fixed income strategist, at Rabobank said.
Spanish and Italian yields have fallen more than 200 basis points since Draghi's promise to protect the euro last year, while German borrowing costs have barely budged over the same period.
Even though a gloomy economic outlook is likely to keep German yields relatively low, analysts say as long as investors believe in the ECB financial backstop, they will be willing to take risk, limiting the scope for a fall in German yields.
"The last time they were below (the Friday low) was when Greece was on the brink of default and it looked as though a country could leave the euro," said Carl Norrey, head of European rates securities at JPMorgan in London.
"Since then, we've had the OMT (ECB bond-buying program) and a number of other things which have given the confidence that the ECB is determined to keep the euro zone intact. As such, it's hard for investors to get excited about being long Bunds."