* IMF urges global central bank coordination
* Euro slides after inflation data
* Commodities lower on stronger dollar, growth fears
* Chinese New Year holiday closures curb activity
By Rodrigo Campos
NEW YORK, Jan 31 Emerging market stocks and
currencies extended their slide on Friday on fears of a
protracted capital flight, while a gauge of global equities
fell, on track to close its worst month in two years.
European and U.S. stock markets gave back the previous day's
gains, setting up MSCI's global index for its
largest monthly decline since May 2012. Emerging market stocks
were down nearly 7 percent for the month, the worst
start to a year since 2008.
But U.S. indexes, after opening trade down sharply, managed
to climb back from the day's lows.
Adding to pressure in emerging market currencies from Turkey
to South Africa in previous sessions, the Russian rouble
and Polish zloty slid against the U.S. dollar. Government
borrowing costs jumped across weaker economies despite local
policymakers' efforts to staunch the bleeding.
Concern about growth in China and other emerging markets
triggered the selling in developing economies late last week,
with focus on countries with internal political and economic
issues, like Ukraine and Argentina.
The U.S. Federal Reserve's decision this week to continue to
withdraw its monetary stimulus - one of the reasons for the flow
of cash into emerging markets in recent years - compounded the
problems in emerging economies.
"Pressure has now returned to haunt the key emerging market
currencies whose central banks have so far raised the cost of
borrowing, but pressure valves are also now being tested
elsewhere," said Andrew Wilkinson, chief market analyst at
Interactive Brokers LLC in Greenwich, Connecticut. He noted that
interest rate increases from Turkey, India and South Africa this
week helped reverse the trend in trading on Thursday.
"The week is ending on a bad note as investors reflect on
the earlier catalyst indicating potential sluggish growth for
the world's No. 2 two economy, China."
The Dow Jones industrial average fell 105.00 points,
or 0.66 percent, at 15,743.61. The Standard & Poor's 500 Index
was down 6.60 points, or 0.37 percent, at 1,787.59. The
Nasdaq Composite Index was down 9.84 points, or 0.24
percent, at 4,113.28.
The FTSEurofirst 300 index of top European shares
closed down 0.3 percent after earlier falling nearly 1 percent.
In a move seen directly pressuring the Fed and European
Central Bank, the International Monetary Fund urged central
banks to ensure that a financial market rout in the developing
world does not lead to an international funding crunch.
"I have been saying that the U.S. should worry about the
effects of its policies on the rest of the world," Reserve Bank
of India Governor Raghuram Rajan said on Friday, a day after
slamming what he said was a breakdown in global monetary
Poland delayed publication of its monthly debt supply plan
until next week due to market turbulence and an overhaul of its
pension scheme, a day after Hungary scrapped a bond sale because
of a sudden spike in rates.
The benchmark 10-year U.S. Treasury note was up
8/32, the yield at 2.6639 percent.
Euro zone consumer price inflation dropped in January,
bucking market expectations and putting downward pressure on the
single currency. Inflation slowed back to 0.7 percent, the same
level as when the ECB, which meets next Thursday, caught markets
off guard with a rate cut in November. Unemployment remained at
a record high.
The euro was last down 0.4 percent versus the U.S. dollar,
trading at $1.3499.
"It's now more likely than ever that Draghi is going to have
to step in with some extraordinary measure to stave off
deflation," said Aberdeen Asset Management fixed income
investment analyst Luke Bartholomew, referring to ECB President
MONEY FLOWING OUT OF EM
Fund investors worldwide pulled $6.4 billion from emerging
market stock funds in the week ended January 29, marking their
biggest outflows since August 2011, data from a Bank of America
Merrill Lynch Global Research report showed.
The grab for safer assets meant the dollar had the
upper hand in the currency market, pressuring commodities
already weakened by the prospects of slower growth.
Gold was caught between the run to safety and the
greenback's surge, and spot prices were little changed.
The precious metal was down for the week but on track to post
its first monthly gain since last August.
Brent oil and U.S. crude fell 0.9 percent and
0.1 percent respectively. Copper fell 0.6 percent to set
a monthly drop of more than 4 percent, the largest since last
"The absence of the Chinese market for the next week means
that we may see some further downside on commodities, especially
if we do see the dollar gaining ground," said Tim Radford, of
Sydney-based metals adviser Rivkin.
Chinese markets were closed for the New Year holiday and
will remained closed into next week.