* Hog futures' discount to cash motivates buyers
* Traders indifferent to Smithfield deal approval
* CME live cattle up with beef quotes, cash ideas
* Feeder cattle surge as corn prices slide
By Theopolis Waters
CHICAGO, Sept 24 Chicago Mercantile Exchange hog
futures finished up more than 2 percent Tuesday on
speculative buying tied to the spread of the Porcine Epidemic
Diarrhea (PEDv) pig virus, traders and analysts said.
PEDv, which is deadly to baby pigs, could reduce the number
of hogs coming to market in the coming months.
"Some people are waking up to how severe this PEDv virus is,
which may have been underreported," said Linn Group analyst John
He said some traders bought futures based on initial
forecasts for the U.S. Department of Agriculture's quarterly
hogs and pigs report due on Friday at 2 p.m. CDT (1900 GMT).
Some researchers have discovered that the virus, which is
not harmful to humans, may be carried on the wind, possibly
exposing swine farms to a greater threat.
Nearby hog futures made new highs for their contracts,
driven by their discounts to CME's hog index which was at 98.25
October closed 2.325 cents higher at 92.500 cents
per lb and hit a new contract high of 93.150 cents in
December finished 1.650 cents per lb higher at
88.075 cents. It posted a new contract high of 88.900 cents.
Focus on the pig virus and undervalued futures overshadowed
word of the approved sale of Smithfield Foods Inc to
Chinese firm Shuanghui International Holdings Ltd.
Smithfield shareholders on Tuesday approved the pork giant's
$4.7 billion sale to Shuanghui in what is shaping up as the
biggest acquisition of a U.S. company by a Chinese firm.
The Smithfield buyout is expected to increase U.S. pork
exports to China at some point, but it is too early to tell,
said Citigroup futures specialist Art Liming.
"I think the futures' discount to cash probably has more to
do with today's rally than the Smithfield news. It looks like
cash hog prices are going to stay fairly supportive," he said.
"The Smithfield news doesn't hurt, but it was fairly cooked
into the market that it would be approved," Liming said.
USDA's Tuesday morning data reported the average hog price
in the most-watched Iowa/Minnesota market at $94.84 per
hundredweight (cwt), $2.92 higher than on Monday.
LIVE CATTLE UP ON CASH EXPECTATIONS
CME live cattle futures gained for a fifth straight
session in anticipation of steady-to-higher cash prices as
wholesale beef demand improves, traders said.
Live cattle October closed 0.725 cent per lb higher
at 127.325 cents. December settled at 131.225 cents,
0.725 cent higher, and peaked at a 6-1/2 month top.
"We've got some extremely constructive fundamentals," said
Oak Investment Group president Joe Ocrant. He cited rising
wholesale beef values and firmer prices paid for cattle in the
cash market last week.
USDA data Tuesday morning showed the wholesale choice beef
price, or cutout, at $193.82 per cwt, up 27 cents from Monday.
Select cuts were 76 cents higher at $177.55.
Last week, cash cattle fetched $124 per cwt in Texas and
Kansas and $125 in Nebraska, feedlot sources said.
Also, last Friday's USDA cattle report was bullish for
deferred-month futures because it confirmed tighter supplies
ahead which would be supportive to cash, Ocrant said.
CME feeder cattle drew support from the higher live cattle
market and weak corn prices. Cheaper corn can ease input costs
for feedlot operators.
September, which will expire on Sept. 26, ended up
0.325 cent per lb at 157.950 cents. October settled
1.675 cents higher at 163.775 cents.