* Brent bounces off two-month low
* U.S. crude reverses two weeks of losses
* Libya, Iran supply expectations limit gains in Brent
By Elizabeth Dilts
NEW YORK, Jan 17 Demand for heating fuels and
rising gasoline prices drove oil higher on Friday, but gains
were limited by a stronger dollar and expectations for increased
supply from Libya and Iran.
U.S. heating oil and gasoline futures both climbed more than
1 percent on higher demand as the U.S. prepares for another cold
snap and as traders bought contracts to cover short positions in
The spread between the European and U.S. crude oil futures
benchmarks contracted to its narrowest point since the start of
the new year due to the start-up of a major U.S. pipeline, which
is expected to bring more oil to refining markets.
"The Gulf Coast ULSD (heating oil) contract is showing more
strength because its underlying fundamentals are tighter than
gasoline," said Gene McGillian, an analyst at Tradition Energy
in Stamford, Connecticut. "We have forecast for cold weather,
and we know we are going to see more export demand in the coming
Brent oil for March delivery settled up 73 cents
at$106.48 a barrel, rebounding from the two-month low of $105.44
it hit earlier in the day. U.S. crude settled at a
two-week high, up 41 cents at $94.37 a barrel, reversing two
weeks of losses.
Floor trading will be closed on Monday and there will be no
settlement on the New York Mercantile Exchange due to the Martin
Luther King, Jr. Day holiday.
Brent prices have fallen almost 10 percent since August on
expectations for increased supply from Libya and Iran. The
European benchmark's premium to U.S. oil ended the
session at $11.89, the narrowest since Dec. 20 when it reached
TransCanada's Gulf Coast pipeline is expected to start
pumping 300,000 barrels per day of U.S. crude oil from the U.S.
storage hub in Cushing, Oklahoma, to the Gulf Coast next week,
further narrowing the U.S. discount to Brent.
Front-month RBOB gasoline futures ended the day up
2.53 cents at $2.6204 per gallon, rising from Thursday's more
than two-month low of $2.5882.
Ultra low-sulfur diesel futures (ULSD), commonly known as
heating oil, settled 3.92 cents higher at $3.0237 per gallon.
Refiners in Asia, Europe and Russia are shipping around half
a million tons of heating oil and diesel to the United States
this month after bitterly cold weather last week sharply reduced
fuel stocks. At least a dozen tankers have been booked so far in
January to ship gasoil and diesel to the U.S. East Coast,
according to traders and shipping data.
The U.S. dollar index, a measure of the dollar's strength
against a basket of currencies, was last trading .41 percent
higher at $81.247. A stronger dollar is bearish for commodities
priced in the greenback as it makes them more expensive for
holders of other currencies.
The restart of crude oil production at the El Sharara field
in Libya two weeks ago and a jump in exports from Iraq's
southern terminals in the first two weeks of 2014 have weighed
on Brent crude prices. However, Iraq's supply could be cut in
February because of loading delays caused partly by bad weather,
which would support prices.
As well, the market awaited news of increased Iranian oil
exports. Sanctions have cut Iran's oil exports by more than half
over the past 18 months to about 1 million barrels per day
(bpd). But Iran may be able to release more into world markets
if a dispute over its nuclear work can be resolved.
A preliminary accord between Iran and a group of world
powers is effective starting Jan. 20, while talks on a final
settlement will start in February.