* North Sea maintenance, stimulus hopes support
* Tropical Storm Ernesto skirts Mexican Gulf Coast
* U.S. jobless claims, trade data better than forecast
* Coming up; CFTC trader positions data, 3 p.m. EDT Friday
(Updates throughout with U.S. gasoline, heating oil closings;
By Gene Ramos
NEW YORK, Aug 9 Oil futures rose on Thursday,
with Brent gaining for the fifth straight session, lifted by
stronger-than-expected economic data from the United States, a
lower outlook for North Sea Brent production and persistent
hopes for economic stimulus.
Prices drew early support from worries that Tropical Storm
Ernesto could disrupt supplies, but the storm weakened and
skirted the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, which briefly pushed
U.S. crude prices into negative territory.
U.S. crude recovered and settled a penny higher, while Brent
crude held gains, supported by nagging worries over North Sea
supply, analysts said.
In London, Brent crude for September delivery closed
$1.08 higher at $113.22 a barrel, the highest settlement for
front-month Brent since May 3. The session high was $113.43.
"The general mood is bullish - any dip is still being used
as a buying opportunity," said Carsten Fritsch, an energy
analyst at Commerzbank in Frankfurt.
"Given the supply risk, with falling North Sea output and
the closure of three oil ports in Mexico, all this should lend
support to prices," he added.
U.S. September crude eked out a 1 cent gain to settle
"Technically, (U.S.) crude oil is bullish short-term," said
Rich Alexander, senior broker at Zaner Group in Chicago.
Brent's premium against U.S. crude rose $19.86, its highest
since March 9 and up from $18.79 on Wednesday. CL-LCO1=R
"We still look for the Brent-WTI (spread) to stretch to
beyond $20 a barrel, with the Brent side providing virtually all
of the impetus in this regard," said Jim Ritterbusch, president
of Ritterbusch & Associates in Galena, Illinois.
Trading volumes were light, with Brent down 18 percent from
its 30-day average and U.S. crude off 9 percent from its 30-day
average, according to Reuters data.
U.S. gasoline and heating oil futures closed at their
highest since early May, a day after U.S. government data showed
gasoline and heating oil inventories fell last week.
Rising gasoline prices in California in the wake of Monday's
fire at Chevron Corp's refinery in Richmond also helped
lift gasoline futures. The travel group AAA said that the
state's average retail price for regular gasoline jumped 5.2
cents to $3.927 a gallon on Wednesday, from Tuesday's level.
U.S. September gasoline rose more than 2 cents to
close at at $3.0008 a gallon, the highest settlement for
front-month gasoline since May 10. September heating oil
rose for fifth straight day, closing up nearly 3 cents at
$3.0450, the highest for front-month heating oil since May 3.
POSITIVE, NEGATIVE PRICE FACTORS
Analysts said economic data fed investor hopes for U.S.
growth prospects and the energy demand outlook. New claims for
jobless benefits in the United States fell last week, and a
separate report showed the trade deficit in June was the
smallest in 1-1/2 years.
Worries about tighter North Sea output supported Brent, with
production in September seen down 17 percent due to maintenance
at the Buzzard oilfield and natural declines.
Hopes for further monetary easing from China persisted
following data showing annual growth in Chinese factory output
slowed in July to its weakest in more than three years, while
retail sales missed market forecasts.
In the oil sector, China's refinery throughput inched up 1.1
percent in July, reversing a run of declines for three straight
months, but the latest data was the second lowest this year as
demand stayed tepid.
A report that top OPEC oil exporter Saudi Arabia trimmed
production was also supportive, some analysts said. An industry
source said Saudi Arabia pumped 9.8 million barrels per day in
July, cutting output 300,000 bpd from June. [ID nL6E8J93XU].
The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries gave a
downbeat assessment of demand next year, which pressured prices
in the morning.
The U.S. National Hurricane Center said it expected
Tropical Storm Ernesto to further weaken as it moved over
mountainous terrain on the Mexican mainland.
There were no reports of disruptions to state-run oil
company Pemex's facilities in the south of the Gulf of Mexico.
Three major oil ports -- Coatzacoalcos, Cayo Arcas and Dos Bocas
-- remained closed.
(Additional reporting by Claire Milhence and Simon Falush in
London, Florence Tan in Singapore; Editing by Dale Hudson,
Sofina Mirza-Reid and Steve Orlofsky)