* Sunni insurgents capture three towns in Iraq's Anbar
* Iraq's oil exports near record rates in June
* Gloomy euro zone data dampens economic optimism
(Updates prices to settlement, adds analyst quote, adds
By Lorenzo Ligato
NEW YORK, June 23 Brent crude recorded its
largest one-day decline in seven weeks on Monday, falling toward
$114 a barrel as oil exports from Iraq remained unaffected by
Islamic insurgents' continued advance on Baghdad.
Oil prices rallied nearly five percent amid the crisis in
Iraq this month, touching nine-month highs above $115 a barrel
last week, but have since faded.
"This reminds me of the Syrian conflict when the market
spiked on worries about supply disruptions that never happened,"
said Carsten Fritsch, an oil analyst at Commerzbank in
Frankfurt. "The supply news isn't really supporting oil prices -
the only thing supporting them is the fear factor."
Brent fell 69 cents to settle at $114.12 it's
biggest percentage drop since May 6. U.S. crude for August
delivery dropped 66 cents to settle at $106.17, its
biggest slide since May 2.
The situation in Iraq pushed Brent futures to $115.71 a
barrel last Thursday, the highest level since Sept. 9, 2013.
The spread CL-LCO1=R between the two benchmarks further
narrowed to close at $7.95, after it had widened to $9.01 last
Iraq ships 90 percent of its crude exports from southern
terminals, which are far from the Sunni insurgency. The
country's oil exports in June were near record rates at around
2.53 million barrels per day, data showed on Monday.
The conflict in Iraq has added about a $3 per barrel risk
premium into the Brent and U.S. crude oil market, according to
Bill Baruch, senior market strategist at iitrader.com.
"As long as there is fighting and tension, the premium is
going to stay," Baruch said.
Militants from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
(ISIL) seized three towns in Iraq's western Anbar province after
taking control of two frontier crossings on the Iraqi-Syrian
border over the weekend.
The latest ICE Brent data showed speculators had raised
their net long positions last week to their highest level since
September 2013. Traders and analysts suggested
some were now taking profits.
Oil prices also were pressured on Monday by gloomy
manufacturing data from Europe.
Markit's Composite Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI), based
on surveys of thousands of companies across the 18 euro zone
countries, fell to 52.8 this month from May's 53.5. The surveys
showed France's private sector shrank at the fastest rate in
four months and Germany's business activity expanded at a slower
pace than last month.
The data dampened optimism stemming from strong HSBC
manufacturing numbers out of China.
(Additional reporting by Claire Milhench in London and Keith
Wallis in Singapore; Editing by Jason Neely, Keiron Henderson,
Jessica Resnick-Ault, Paul Simao and Chris Reese)