* Gold up for a 12th straight year, more gains seen in 2013
* Palladium, platinum and silver outperform bullion though
(Updates throughout with tentative US fiscal deal and close in
gold futures; changes dateline to NEW YORK, previously LONDON)
By Barani Krishnan
NEW YORK, Dec 31 Gold jumped on the last trading
day of 2012 to finish up 6 percent on the year on news of a
possible U.S. fiscal deal, which lifted a market that had
rallied earlier in the year on low interest rates, euro zone
worries and central bank demand for bullion.
Other precious metals finished strongly, with palladium up
nearly 10 percent on the year, silver up 9 percent and platinum
up 8 percent.
It was the 12th straight year of gains for gold, making it
one of the longest bull runs ever in a commodity. Oil, in
contrast, has only been up for a fourth year since its rebound
from the 2008 financial crisis.
Analysts expect bullion -- which started 2012 at below
$1,580 and scaled nearly $1,800 by October after the U.S.
Federal Reserve rolled out a fresh economic stimulus -- to chart
newer peaks in 2013. The market's all-time high above $1,930 was
set in September 2011.
"If anything, gold's rally today with the removal of the US
fiscal cliff proves that it's become a risk asset more than a
safe haven," said Adam Sarhan at Sarhan Capital in New York.
Traditionally an inflation hedge and a market that investors
rush to in times of trouble, gold has lately behaved more like
an industrial commodity - rising and falling with the stock
market and sometimes even following the dollar.
Worries about the so-called fiscal cliff had weighed on
markets for weeks as the White House and its rival Republicans
in Congress sought to find ways to avert some $600 billion in
tax hikes and spending cuts that could have sent the economy
into another recession in 2013.
Obama cautioned at a news conference that a deal was
imminent but not yet in hand.
"Today it appears that an agreement to prevent this New
Year's tax hike is within sight, but it is not done," the
president said. "There are still issues left to resolve, but
we're hopeful that Congress can get it done, but it's not done."
Gold futures' most-active contract settled at
$1,675.80 an ounce, up 1.2 percent for the session and 6.1
percent on the year. Until news of the fiscal deal emerged, the
market had barely gained half a percent.
The spot price of bullion hovered above $1,670 an ounce, up
1 percent on the day and up nearly 7 percent for 2012.
Although they moderated towards the year end, gold prices
were up sharply in the first and third quarters, aided by
ultra-loose monetary policy in the world's leading economies,
bullion buying by central banks trying to diversify foreign
reserves and concerns over the financial stability of the euro
The rally in those quarters gave gold almost all of its 6
percent annual gain, ensuring its unbroken run since 2001.
Platinum, palladium and silver -- also counted as precious
metals along with gold -- outperformed bullion for the year.
Palladium has been on a bullish trend since November when
refiner Johnson Matthey projected the biggest supply deficit in
11 years in the metal largely used in auto exhaust systems.
The spot price of palladium hovered near $700 an ounce, up
more than 7 percent for the year.
Platinum has turned volatile after rallying earlier in the
year on concerns about sprawling worker strikes in top producer
U.S. platinum's front-month contract fell to a
four-month low before recovering to finish at $1,538 an ounce,
up 10 percent for 2012.
Silver was up 1 percent on the day and 9 percent on
the year, hovering at just above $30 an ounce.
(Editing by Bob Burgdorfer)