* U.S. service sector growth, expected to slow, instead
* Nonfarm payrolls on Friday could be hard to parse because
* U.S. Treasury quarterly refunding announcement due
By Ellen Freilich
NEW YORK, Nov 5 Prices for U.S. Treasuries fell
on Tuesday as stronger-than-expected U.S. service sector data
reinforced the view that the world's biggest economy may have
weathered last month's partial government shutdown better than
U.S. service sector business activity picked up in October,
with the Institute for Supply Management's services index up to
55.4 last month despite expectations by economists for a dip to
54. A reading above 50 indicates expansion.
Bond prices were already lower when the ISM report was
released, responding to what Columbia Management strategist Zach
Pandl characterized as "a broad-based firming in economic data,
in the last week, both in the U.S. and globally."
But bonds' early losses widened after the ISM report.
"We've seen business or purchasing managers surveys improve
for a broad set of countries, notably for some emerging Asian
and Eastern Europe markets that had been lagging in the recent
recovery," Pandl said.
Last month European factory production looked more robust
and factories in China also boosted production.
In the U.S., October readings on the Institute for Supply
Management's manufacturing and non-manufacturing indexes were
also "consistent with healthy growth," Pandl said.
One caveat to the "healthy growth" description has been
businesses' weak capital spending. But Pandl said if the
"statistically reliable" business survey data keep improving,
stronger capital spending "probably is not far behind."
What hurt Treasuries on Tuesday was that the stronger ISM
indexes "point to some upside risk in the October non-farm
payrolls data due Friday," Pandl said.
In a recent Reuters poll, economists estimated U.S. non-farm
payrolls added just 125,000 jobs in October.
The employment index in the October ISM non-manufacturing
index rose to 56.2 in October, bringing it closer to the
six-month peak hit in August.
Economists had worried the government shutdown in the first
part of October would hurt growth.
The U.S. service sector readings came after data earlier in
the day showed Britain's services sector expanded at its fastest
rate since May 1997 last month.
The U.S. Federal Reserve is watching for signs of a
sustainable, stronger economy, with an eye to paring back its
$85-billion-per-month bond-buying program. The timing of such a
potential cutback has come to preoccupy the Treasuries market.
Despite expectations for a September taper, the central bank
has instead stayed its course, although it did acquire a more
hawkish tinge at its late-October policy meeting.
Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke has repeatedly said that the Fed's
decision will depend on data showing the health of the world's
"It's just to taper or not to taper," said Wilmer Stith,
portfolio manager of the Wilmington Broad Market Bond Fund. "At
the end of each day, that's going to be the primary focus."
Fed speakers have emphasized that message, with three
separate Fed officials on Monday suggesting the Fed should only
trim asset purchases on clearer signs of improvement in the
economy and should act slowly when it does so.
Richmond Fed President Jeffrey Lacker said, however, that
the U.S. government shutdown and other budget battles should not
keep the Fed from starting to drain some of the monetary
The most significant upcoming data point for potential
policy changes will be Friday's nonfarm payrolls report for
October. But that report itself will be problematic, considering
that a congressional impasse shut most of the federal government
for the first half of last month.
A weak number, noted Ian Lyngen, senior government bond
strategist at CRT Capital Group, "will simply be dismissed as
the transitory influence of the government shutdown and civilian
furloughs; but on the other hand, if the release comes in above
consensus, it will be read as that much stronger given the
weight of the shutdown."
Fed policymakers want to see the unemployment rate dropping
closer to 6.5 percent from the current 7.2 percent, but
economists in a Reuters survey expect that rate to have edged up
in October to 7.3 percent.
Prices for U.S. benchmark 10-year Treasury notes
fell 16/32 in price on Tuesday while its yield rose to 2.66
percent from 2.61 percent late on Monday.
The U.S. 30-year bond fell 1-03/32 in price as
its yield rose to 3.76 percent from 3.70 percent late Monday.
The U.S. Treasury on Wednesday will issue its quarterly
refunding announcement, which will set out upcoming funding
needs and perhaps discuss the Treasury's plans to issue floating
rate notes in 2014.
As part of its ongoing stimulus program, the Fed on Tuesday
bought $1.565 billion of Treasuries maturing between February
2036 and February 2043.