WASHINGTON, April 22 A state or local government
that guarantees debt should list the agreement as a liability on
its financial statements if it may have to make a payment for it
in the future, the board that sets accounting standards for the
U.S. public finance sector said on Monday.
States, for example, occasionally guarantee bonds sold by
local governments and some local governments back mortgage loans
Because such credit support could stress the governments'
finances if they have to step in and make payments on the debt,
those governments should put the agreements in their financial
statements, the Governmental Accounting Standards Board said.
It emphasized in its guidance that a government should
recognize the liability "when it is more likely than not that
the guarantor will be required to make a payment to the
obligation holders under the agreement."
In the same light, governments receiving the credit support
should disclose the guaranties, GASB said, because they
represent "a potential reduction of a government's obligations."
"In the current economic environment, investors are
increasingly seeking credit enhancements and assurances,
including financial guarantees, to minimize the possibility of
nonpayment," said GASB Chairman Robert Attmore in a statement.
He added that the disclosure "will enable financial statement
users to better assess the probability that governments will
repay obligation holders."
Issuers once purchased bond insurance to raise the credit
ratings of their debt and assure bond buyers they would be paid.
Insurers had also backed risky mortgage debt, and the industry
was ravaged during the housing crisis.
Now issuers are turning to alternatives such as banks'
letters of credit or selling bonds without any guaranties.
The amount of new insured debt in the U.S. municipal bond
market totaled $2.1 billion in the first quarter of 2013, a 41.7
percent drop from the same period in 2012, according to Thomson
Meanwhile, Moody's Investors Service has put one of the few
remaining insurers, MBIA Inc., on review for possible
Last week, Morningstar Inc. said state permanent funds, the
debt assurance programs created by state law that operate
similarly to endowments, are the strongest types of state credit
enhancement. They provide "an additional level of security" to
bondholders while also lowering the costs of financing for the
municipal issuers, Morningstar said.
States also provide credit assurance for local
municipalities through guarantee, appropriation and intercept
programs, according to Morningstar.