* Rich spoils in Saturday's parliamentary vote
* Few voters know who their candidates are
* Monthly allowances top $100,000
By Nick Tattersall
LAGOS, April 1 Nigerian voters may not be that
enthusiastic about Saturday's parliamentary elections but the
candidates certainly are -- winners will get a pay package whose
allowances alone top $1 million a year.
Ask many people in Africa's most populous country who their
local candidates are in the House of Representatives and Senate
elections and the response is a blank stare. What has parliament
ever done for them, is a common response.
"Most of them are just there for their selfish interests,
they're not interested in the masses," said Ibrahim Lasisi, 28,
a security guard in the sprawling commercial capital Lagos.
"Once you vote a man in, after the campaign, you will never
see him again. There will be six mobile policemen following him
everywhere, keeping you away. They become untouchable."
Senators' official monthly salary is 1.4 million naira
($9,000) a month before tax, while members of the lower house
receive 1.1 million, already a huge amount in a country where
many of some 150 million people earn around $2 a day.
But the 109 members of the Senate also receive a quarterly
allowance of 63 million naira ($408,000) for ill-defined
"constituency projects", travel and medical expenses, according
to Nigeria's Policy and Legal Advocacy Centre (PLAC). Their 360
colleagues in the lower house get 45 million each quarter.
"Nobody accounts for it. Once they get their 63 million
naira a quarter, they roll off and do whatever it is, which may
have nothing to do with legislative duties," said Clement
Nwankwo, a respected lawyer and founder of PLAC.
"There is a lot of abuse, there is a lot of wastage."
Several members of parliament contacted by Reuters declined
to comment on their remuneration.
"What is your business with our salaries? Are we not working
for them?" said one senator, who did not want to be identified.
Graphic on elections: link.reuters.com/xet78r
For more stories, background and analysis: [ID:nLDE68H051]
Dozens of people regularly gather outside the homes and
offices of parliamentarians when they are back from the capital
Abuja, seeking assistance for everything from paying their house
rent to settling their children's school fees.
For the lawmakers, dispensing largesse is an outward sign of
their wealth and a way of sustaining local support.
The cost of Nigeria's parliamentarians has started to irk
the finance ministry, central bank and the private sector, which
fears the profligacy will lead to a rapid rise in interest rates
in sub-Saharan Africa's second-biggest economy.
Parliament this month tacked an additional 746 billion naira
($4.8 billion) onto the 2011 budget proposed by President
Goodluck Jonathan in December, half of which was already
recurrent expenditure -- the cost of running government.
"The legislature in particular cannot continue to live fat
to the exclusion and inconvenience of the entire country," said
Frank Nweke, head of the Nigerian Economic Summit Group
think-tank at a meeting of business leaders in Lagos this week.
Finance Minister Olusegun Aganga has described the amended
budget as "unimplementable" and is in talks with lawmakers.
Central Bank Governor Lamido Sanusi has also been a vocal
critic, saying in December that 25 percent of federal budget
overheads were spent on the National Assembly, comments he was
subsequently hauled before parliament to explain.
The central bank raised interest rates by a wider than
expected full percentage point to 7.5 percent last month partly
in response to the effect of rising government spending.
Around 80 percent of members of parliament are expected to
be replaced after Saturday's vote so competition is fierce.
The salaries and allowances make up only part of what the
winners can expect as their spoils.
Lawmakers have regularly been offered financial incentives
to speed the passage of legislation and the next administration
is likely to face a heavy backlog, including a massive bill to
overhaul the mainstay oil and gas industry.
"Even if they pass the laws, they are the ones that break
them," said Lasisi, who earns the equivalent of $200 a month,
standing outside his guard hut.
(For more Reuters Africa coverage and to have your say on the
top issues, visit: af.reuters.com/ )
(Additional reporting by Oludare Mayowa in Lagos and Camillus
Eboh in Abuja; Writing by Nick Tattersall; Editing by Matthew