* Novartis CEO a target for escalating attacks
* Animal rights group says it behind arson attack
* "We will attack your private life" - group says
* British testing laboratory Huntington in spotlight again
(Adds claim of responsibility for arson attack)
By Emma Thomasson
ZURICH, Aug 6 Animal rights activists claimed
responsibility on Thursday for burning down the holiday home of
Novartis NOVN.VX Chief Executive Daniel Vasella as Swiss
police said a second grave of his family had been desecrated.
Vandals sprayed a Vasella family gravestone with the slogan
"Drop HLS Now", police said, a reference to the British
animal-testing laboratory Huntingdon Life Sciences (HLS) that
has been a major target for protests by animal rights activists.
They also stuck two wooden crosses in the ground, the
spokesman said. He declined to confirm Swiss media reports the
crosses carried the names of the Novartis CEO and his wife.
Vasella's Austrian holiday home caught fire on Monday and
the Austrian interior ministry said they had receved a claim of
responsibility from a group called Militant Forces Against
Huntingdon Life Science and its authenticity was under review.
In a statement posted on a direct action website, the group
said they had petrol bombed Vasella's hunting lodge.
"Understand this: this will continue until you sever all
ties with Huntingdon Life Sciences. We will attack your private
life wherever possible," the statement said.
The cemetery attacked last week was the same where Vasella's
parents' grave was desecrated and an urn containing the ashes of
his mother stolen.
Police also found the letters 'SHAC' -- the acronym for the
Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty group that campaigns to close
down the centre -- sprayed in paint. Swiss police are examining
the evidence but have no suspects so far, the spokesman said.
SHAC denied involvement in the attacks but said some
like-minded person might have been behind them and vowed to
continue its campaign against firms it said were Huntingdon
customers like Novartis, AstraZeneca (AZN.L), Bristol-Myers
Squibb (BMY.N) and GlaxoSmithKline Plc (GSK.L).
REVIVAL OF MILITANT ACTIVISM?
The Swiss drug maker said it no longer uses Huntingdon but
suspects SHAC or those linked to it are behind the attacks.
"We see this as an escalation. There have been more and more
of these types of incident and attacks," a Novartis spokesman
said. "From the tactics as well as the signs that were left, the
feeling is it is probably related to SHAC."
Other recent incidents include graffiti sprayed in Vasella's
street saying "Vasella is a killer. We are watching you."
Employees' cars have being damaged and there was a fire at a
Novartis sports facility in France in May, the spokesman said.
The attacks on Novartis may mark a revival of animal rights
activism in Europe, which reached a peak in Britain before the
introduction of new police powers five years ago.
Much of the action was focused on HLS, a contracting firm in
eastern England which uses animals to test the safety of drugs,
food additives and chemicals. In 2001, its chief operating
officer was attacked by protesters wielding baseball bats.
Many pharmaceuticals manufacturers have also been targeted
over the years and sporadic action has spread to the United
States and other parts of Europe, leading to fears investment in
drug research and development could be jeopardised.
A spokeswoman for Switzerland's other big drugmaker Roche
Holding AG ROG.VX said it had not been attacked in recent
years, but Europe's biggest biotech company, Actelion ATLN.VX,
said the property of several of its workers had been vandalised.
"It has long been a concern of ours that animal extremists
would broaden their scope beyond the UK to what they might see
as softer targets," said Richard Ley, a spokesman for the
Association of the British Pharmaceuticals Industry.
According to the British Union for the Abolition of
Vivisection, some 12 million animals are used annually in
experiments in Europe.
The drugs industry says it is exploring alternatives but
that animals remain a vital part of the research and development
of new medicines and vaccines. The vast majority of animals used
in medical experiments are mice.
(Additional reporting by Paul Arnold in Zurich, Alexandra
Zawadil in Vienna and Ben Hirschler in London; editing by John
Stonestreet and David Cowell)