* Coalition government still likely, carries risk of
* Voters deliver blow to PPP, leader of last government
* Former cricket star Imran Khan's party may come in second
By Katharine Houreld and Mehreen Zahra-Malik
ISLAMABAD, May 11 Pakistan's Nawaz Sharif
declared victory in a jubilant speech to supporters as results
from Saturday's election showed a clear lead for his party,
making it almost certain that he will become prime minister of
the country for a third time.
The election, in which 86 million people were eligible to
vote, will bring the first transition between civilian
governments in a country that has been ruled by the military for
more than half of its turbulent history.
Despite pre-election violence and attacks on Saturday that
killed at least 17 people, millions turned out to cast a ballot.
"Results are still coming in, but this much is confirmed:
we're the single largest party so far," he declared to hoots of
joy from the crowd. "Please pray that by morning we're in a
position that we don't need the crutch of coalition partners."
With the count continuing into the night, Sharif's Pakistan
Muslim League - Nawaz (PML-N) was leading in 119 of the 272
National Assembly seats that were contested.
Sharif's lead means he is almost certain to become prime
minister again, a triumphant return for a political leader who
was ousted in a military coup in 1999, jailed and later exiled.
It remains to be seen, however, if his PML-N will have
enough lawmakers to rule on its own or be forced to seek
coalition allies, which could make it difficult to push reforms
desperately needed to revive a near-failed economy.
The next government will have to contend with Taliban
militancy, endemic corruption, chronic power cuts and crumbling
infrastructure in the nuclear-armed country of 180 million
people. One of the first likely tasks will be to negotiate with
the International Monetary Fund for a multi-billion-dollar
It is now clear that a dark-horse challenge by the party of
former cricket star Imran Khan did not have the momentum needed
to trip up Sharif, a moneyed political veteran who has long
relied on a patronage system to win votes, especially in the key
province of Punjab.
Still, Khan's Tehrik-i-Insaf (PTI) looked set to squeak into
second place thanks to support from urban youths, who rallied
behind his calls for an end to corruption and a halt to U.S.
drone strikes against suspected militants on Pakistani soil.
That marks an end to decades of two-party dominance by the
PML-N and Pakistan People's Party (PPP).
The PPP led the government for the past five years with 124
lawmakers in parliament. Eight hours after polling stations
closed on Saturday it was ahead in the count for just 34 seats.
"Nawaz's victory says two things about Pakistan: one, the
people of Pakistan prefer the comfort of status quo over the
uncertainty of revolutions; and two, all roads to the centre go
through Punjab, and in Punjab, people are right-leaning and
conservative," said senior journalist Nusrat Javeed.
"Still, for a party that only really arrived on the
political scene in a serious way two years ago, PTI's
performance was remarkable, to say the least."
BLOODY ELECTION DAY
Pakistan's Taliban, which is close to al Qaeda, has killed
more than 125 people in election-related violence since April.
The group, which is fighting to topple the U.S.-backed
government, regards the election as un-Islamic.
More bloodshed marred election day. A bomb attack on the
office of the Awami National Party in Karachi killed 11 people
and wounded about 40.
In Baluchistan, four died in a gunbattle and, in another
incident, gunmen on a motorcycle opened fire near a polling
station, killing two people, police said. A separate attack on a
convoy of voters killed at least four people in the province.
But despite the violence and the searing heat, many went to
the polls excited about the prospect of change.
Despite Pakistan's history of coups, the army stayed out of
politics during the five years of the last government and threw
its support behind Saturday's election.
It still sets foreign and security policy and will steer the
thorny relationship with Washington as NATO troops withdraw from
neighbouring Afghanistan in 2014.
However, some fear the military could step back in if there
is a repeat of the incompetence and corruption that frustrated
many Pakistanis during the last government.
On top of the 272 contested seats, a further 70 - most
reserved for women and members of non-Muslim minorities - are
allocated to parties on the basis of their performance in the
constituencies. To have a majority of the total of 342, a party
would need 172 seats.
(Writing by John Chalmers and Michael Georgy; Additional
reporting by Gul Yousafzai in QUETTA, Mubasher Bukhari in LAHORE
and Jibran Ahmed in PESHAWAR; Editing by Alison Williams and Jon