* Sees possible gradual decline in procurement spending
* Favors fixed-price contracts
(Adds details, byline)
By Andrea Shalal-Esa
WASHINGTON, June 10 U.S. defense spending to
develop and buy new weapons systems is not expected to drop
dramatically in coming years, but a gradual drawdown may occur,
the Pentagon's No. 2 acquisition official said on Thursday.
Frank Kendall, principal deputy undersecretary for
acquisition and technology, said the Defense Department was
keenly focused on reforming its acquisition process and making
it more efficient, getting more for the money it spends,
increasing oversight and reducing risk on new programs.
Kendall said he did not foresee a major new consolidation
in the industry like that of the mid-1990s after the Cold War
ended, but said some consolidation was part of the "natural
course of events."
Mounting pressure on the defense budget could lead to some
gradual decline in weapons research and development and
procurement, commonly known as the Pentagon's investment
accounts, Kendall told a conference hosted by Swiss bank Credit
Suisse and Virginia-based defense consultant Jim McAleese.
"We're going to see possibly some gradual drawdown in the
investment accounts," he said. "For the near term, I do not see
a dramatic change."
Big defense companies are waiting for clues about the
Pentagon's fiscal 2012 budget, which is being drafted now.
Kendall said the Pentagon was using tighter oversight to
get a handle on programs, and in some cases could begin the
live-or-die reviews mandated under the federal Nunn-McCurdy law
ahead of schedule. He said the reviews were useful but needed
to occur earlier, before programs were in deep trouble.
The department last week certified to Congress that six big
weapons programs whose projected costs had risen by more than
50 percent over initial estimates -- including the Lockheed
Martin Corp (LMT.N) F-35 Joint Strike Fighter -- needed to
continue for national security reasons.
He said he favors greater use of fixed-price contracts but
cautioned they were not a panacea to fix Pentagon procurement
problems and needed to be structured properly to succeed.
Kendall said eight program cancellations unveiled by
Defense Secretary Robert Gates as part of the fiscal 2010
budget, including the DDG-1000 destroyer and the Army's Future
Combat Systems modernization program, targeted developmental
programs the department could not afford in the longer term.
As budget planners looked to the future, they realized
there was just "too much stuff in the pipeline" and some
programs needed to be eliminated, he said.
Kendall said he hoped to avoid similar decisions in the
future by ensuring that programs -- and their longer-term costs
-- were well thought out and structured before billions of
dollars were spent.
Representative Adam Smith, who heads the air/land
subcommittee of the House of Representatives Armed Services
Committee, said Congress was also focused on addressing what he
called "significant challenges" in the Pentagon acquisition
He said he favored freeing up funding for quick acquisition
of specific technologies to aid troops now, but said he
remained concerned about bigger programs like the Lockheed
F-35, the Air Force's refueling tanker competition, and Army
modernization after cancellation of the Future Combat Systems
Clearly, the Pentagon can no longer afford
"shoot-for-the-moon" weapons programs and must focus on more
realistic, quicker and flexible solutions to military needs, he
Lawmakers were worried whether the Lockheed F-35 would work
as intended, and within its intended timeframe, but Smith
acknowledged that any decision now to curtail the size of the
program could drive up the cost of each fighter jet, and might
jeopardize future sales to international partners.
If the program missed more key schedule milestones, "we've
got some very, very hard decisions," he said.
Given all the problems thus far with the F-35, he also
questioned the wisdom of the Obama administration's insistence
on scrapping a second engine for the F-35 that is being
developed by General Electric Co (GE.N) and Britain's Rolls
Royce (RR.L) as an alternative to one built by Pratt & Whitney,
a unit of United Technologies Corp (UTX.N).
He said Congress and the administration had different views
on whether the second engine would save money in the long run,
and Congress was reaching out to the White House to step back
from its threat to veto the fiscal 2011 defense spending bill
if it includes funding for the GE-Rolls Royce engine.
"The debate is, what is the best way to save money," Smith
said, noting that he strongly backs Gates' reform efforts, and
cancellation of the Boeing Co (BA.N) C-17 transport plane,
although he represents Washington state, where Boeing has large
(Reporting by Andrea Shalal-Esa; editing by John Wallace)