* Government evaluating penalties
* More than 200 locals exposed, many worked to protect river
* Company said spill not toxic, document suggests otherwise
By Mitra Taj and Teresa Cespedes
Aug 6 Antamina, one of the world's biggest
copper-zinc mines, is facing community opposition and government
inquiries after its pipeline burst nearly two weeks ago exposing
more than 200 people to a mineral slurry.
Two regulators, the OEFA office of environmental oversight
and the mining agency Osinergmin, said on Monday they are
investigating the July 25 accident and evaluating penalties as
President Ollanta Humala struggles to quell widespread disputes
between mines and towns.
"What the state has to do now is define the company's
responsibilities," said Juan Narciso, the environment ministry's
director of environmental quality. "This isn't just clean it up
The regional government of Ancash, where the spill occurred,
said on Sunday it is asking for fines of at least 2 million
Residents complained of headaches, nausea, irritated eyes
and nosebleeds more than a week after the spill.
About 45 tonnes of mineral slurry leaked at a pumping
station after a joint in the pipeline broke. About 3 tonnes -
roughly the capacity of a tanker truck - escaped an area
designed to contain leaks, said Antonio Mendoza, environmental
manager of Antamina.
Antamina - 14,000 ft (4,300 m) high in the Andes - is owned
by global firms BHP Billiton Ltd , Xstrata
, Teck Cominco Ltd and Mitsubishi Corp
. Antamina has invested more than $3 billion to build
and expand the mine.
Hilario Moran, president of the peasant community of
Cajacay, said the slurry sprayed 80 feet (25 m) into the air as
he and about 200 other untrained locals rushed to stop it from
contaminating the nearby Rio Fortaleza - an important source of
water for dozens of agricultural communities.
"Now I'm very worried about the health of my people," said
Antamina's Mendoza said the contents of the pipeline weren't
toxic and compared them to liquid soap.
"Obviously if you get soap in your eyes it will irritate
them, but it's not really going to hurt you," Mendoza said.
"That's how it is with the concentrated material."
But according to a company document made public by the
Peruvian newspaper La Republica, the mix is "very toxic" and
besides copper and zinc includes sulfur, arsenic, silica, lead,
sulfur, iron sulfide, and crystalline silica.
The company said 210 people have received medical treatment,
including 42 who had to be hospitalized. All have been released,
Peru's health agency has taken blood and urine tests of some
people affected and say results will be released Friday.
One elderly woman who lived nearby died a day after the
accident. Antamina said in a communique she died of natural
causes. A health official said she was buried without an
The environment ministry, meanwhile, is looking at tighter
regulations for mineral pipelines like Antamina's 12-year old
duct, which is considered the best way to move metals 186 miles
(300 km) from Peru's mineral-rich Andes to the Pacific Coast.
"We'll have to look into new requirements with respect to
this kind of pipeline," he said.
Narciso said high pressure in the pipe could be a problem,
potentially rupturing the joint and rendering the catchment area
inadequate as the leak sprayed instead of just spilling.
The spill did not impact operations as the company quickly
installed an auxiliary line.
Antamina produced 333,700 tonnes of copper and 235,400
tonnes of zinc last year.
The river has not shown signs of contamination, Narciso
"The people protected the body of water," he said. "If they
hadn't... then this would be much more complicated because the
river would be a source of contamination."
Humala wants to usher in an era of "new mining" that can
coexist with the environment and benefit poor rural communities.
He recently proposed making water a constitutional right.
But he has been dogged by more than 200 conflicts over
natural resource extraction in Peru that threaten more than $50
billion in investments over the next decade. Nine of those
disputes involved Antamina, according to Peru's human rights
Antamina said via its Twitter account over the weekend that
it was 98 percent finished with cleanup.
Erick Mautino with the regional government of Ancash, said
Antamina's underplayed the gravity of the spill.
"There should be a system activated to turn the pipeline off
whenever there's a leak," he said. "We are in no way opposed to
mining so long as it's responsible."
Moran said it took hours for Antamina to turn the duct off.
"They assured us there wouldn't be spills like this ... but
it doesn't matter anymore because we're going to demand the
company leave," he said.