* Humala complains of protesters' criminal past
* Detentions follow state of emergency
* $4.8 bln mine by U.S. firm biggest project ever in Peru
LIMA, Dec 7 Foes of Newmont Mining's $4.8
billion Conga mine project in Peru said on Wednesday they were
"practically kidnapped" by counterterrorism police in a
crackdown on left-wing activists by President Ollanta Humala.
Wilfredo Saavedra, leader of the Environment Defense Front
of Cajamaraca, and Milton Sanchez, head of a civic association,
were detained on Tuesday after addressing a congressional
panel. They were held for 10 hours before being released.
Supporters said their rights were violated because police
had no judicial order to detain them. Saavedra and Sanchez plan
to file a legal complaint against the government.
Saavedra, who spent a decade in prison for belonging to the
violent left-wing Tupac Amaru insurgency, has emerged as a
high-profile leader in an environmental dispute that has tested
Humala's resolve to govern as a centrist trying to help Peru's
poor and attract foreign investment.
"They practically kidnapped us," Saavedra said on RPP radio
after he was released.
Humala, a former army officer who shed leftist rhetoric and
recast himself as a moderate to win election in June, decreed a
state of emergency on Sunday to break 11 days of protests that
had shut roads, schools and hospitals in Cajamarca.
The special powers suspend freedom of assembly and allow
the army to help police to end marches and rallies against
Newmont's proposed gold mine.
An emboldened Humala has called leaders of the
environmental protest "intransigent" for rejecting weeks of
"Today we have people who served time in jail for treason
taking up causes they never defended and who are now free and
acting like delinquents," he said on Tuesday, hours before the
Protesters say the U.S. company's mine would hurt water
supplies and have demanded the government permanently cancel
it. But the government has said the largest mining investment
in Peruvian history would generate thousands of jobs and huge
The Conga project, which Newmont owns with Peruvian
precious metals miner Buenaventura, is expected to produce
580,000 to 680,000 ounces of gold a year after it opens in
2014. It sits 13,800 feet (4,200 metres) high in the Andes and
has reserves worth about $15 billion at current prices.
Newmont, which says its environmental plan for the mine was
exhaustively researched, has designed a series of reservoirs to
replace alpine lakes that would be eliminated by the mine.
The impasse has highlighted Humala's struggle to neutralize
Peru's polarized political environment. Some protesters have
accused Humala of having moved too far to the right and being
too nice to big business.
Humala has urged dialogue but a week ago the government
asked Newmont to temporarily halt work on the Conga project
after the protests turned violent.
(Reporting by Marco Aquino and Terry Wade; Editing by John