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FACTBOX-Chile copper mines, oil refineries, ports hit by quake
February 27, 2010 / 6:47 PM / 8 years ago

FACTBOX-Chile copper mines, oil refineries, ports hit by quake

 (Updates throughout)
 SANTIAGO, Feb 27 (Reuters) - Up to one-fifth of Chile's copper mine capacity was shut on Saturday after the world's biggest producer was rocked by a huge magnitude-8.8 earthquake, but the facilities were undamaged and expected to resume operations quickly as power was restored.
 The nation's oil refineries appeared to be at greater risk, with its largest plant located near the epicenter; both were forced to shut down for further investigation. [ID:nN27177467]
 The central copper-export port of San Antonio was shut down, but the major northern ports of Antofagasta and Mejillones were unaffected, as were operations at the biggest copper desposits in the north.
 Following are details on the impact to energy and mining operations after the earthquake that struck 70 miles (115 km) northeast of Concepcion and about 200 miles (320 km) south of Santiago. For a full story see: [ID:nNLDE61Q02]
 For a map showing the epicenter, click here
 State energy firm ENAP shut down both its 116,000 barrel pre day (bpd) Bio Bio oil refinery, which is located just north of the city of Concepcion, as well as its roughly 100,000 bpd Aconcagua refinery near the capital.
 Mining Minister Santiago Gonzalez told Reuters it would take until Sunday to assess the damage to Bio Bio. ENAP said it would need to increase diesel imports to meet demand. It said it had sufficient gasoline stocks to last two weeks and diesel stocks for 10 days. [ID:nN27176503] [ID:nN27202760] [ID:nN27185061]
 With almost all major copper producers confirming their status after the quake, operations at mines producing over 1 million tonnes a year -- near one-fifth of the country's total 5.4 million tonnes last year -- had been suspended by the quake, but they appeared undamaged.
 Officials confirmed that the two biggest mines in the far north -- Escondida and Chuquicamata -- were unaffected.
 State-run Codelco said only its El Teniente and Andina mines were impacted because of electricity cuts after the quake, but they were otherwise undamaged. El Teniente is the world's biggest underground copper mine with output of 404,000 tonnes in 2009.
 Gonzalez said Codelco's 435,000 tonne per year Caletones smelter had been halted, and that it could take two days for the mines to resume production.
 A spokesman for Anglo-American (AAL.L) said it had shut its Los Bronces and El Soldado mines, which together produce around 280,000 tonnes of copper annually. It has been planning to expand the 238,400 tonnes per year Los Bronces deposit, one of the world's biggest.
 Freeport McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc (FCX.N) said the quake did not damage its two mines, but it is facing a power outage at its Candelaria mine, which will result in a temporary shutdown. [ID:nWEN0976]
 Smaller miners reported little impact. Barrick Gold Corp (ABX.TO), Kinross Gold Corp (K.TO) and Breakwater BWR.TO said its mines had not been affected. Teck Resources Ltd TCKb.TO said the quake had not impacted its Andacollo and Quebrada mines, though they could still be hit by power supply restrictions.
 The Chilean copper-exporting port of San Antonio is closed, Denis Yanez, leader of a union federation representing port workers, told Reuters.
 But the key copper-exporting ports of Antofagasta and Mejillones were operating normally, said Christian Salfate, union leader at Antofagasta.
 Here is an overview of major mines and smelters in Chile:  Mine          Location            Operator       Output  Status  KM Dist from
                                                         Concepcion  El Teniente   75km S of Santiago  Codelco        404,000  ops suspend  240  Andina        50km NE of Santiago Codelco        210,000  ops suspend  320  Los Bronces   65km NE of Santiago Anglo-American 235,000  shut         335  El Soldado    132km N of Santiago Anglo-American  50,000  shut         400  Los Pelambres 200km NE of SantiagoAntofagasta    310,000  n/a          480  Candelaria                        FreeportMcMoRan185,000  power outage 650  Escondida     far north           BHP Billiton   780,000  ops normal   750  Collahuasi    far north           Xstrata/Anglo  435,000  ops normal 1,000  Chuquicamata  far north           Codelco        565,000  ops normal 1,140  Top smelters   Near               Operator       Capacity Status KM Dist from
                                                         Concepcion  Caletones       El Teniente       Codelco        435,000  halted       250  Potrerillos                       Codelco        195,000  ops normal   750  Altonorte       Antofagasta Port  Xstrata        268,014  n/a          926  Chuquicamata    Chuquicamata      Codelco        590,130  ops normal 1,140
 * Status as of 1700 GMT on Saturday from Reuters reports.
 * Output as of 2009 from Metals Production Database; Teniente/Andina output as of 2009 from company; Bronces/Soldado output as of 2008 from company Website.
 * Location is based on company information, public data
 * Distance best estimate using company data, Google Maps  (Reporting by Alonso Soto and Eduardo Garcia; Additional reporting by Euan Rocha)      

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