* H1 underlying earnings $5.1 bln vs $4.8 bln market view
* Net debt cut to $16.1 bln, achieved mid-teens target
* CEO sees materially increased returns for shareholders
* UK shares up 1.8 pct vs FTSE down 0.3 pct
(adds comments from CEO on Oyu Tolgoi, Simandou)
By Sonali Paul and Silvia Antonioli
MELBOURNE/LONDON, Aug 7 Anglo-Australian miner
Rio Tinto raised hopes it could sharply boost
cash returns to investors after topping market forecasts with a
21 percent rise in first-half profit.
The world's no. 2 miner slashed costs and cut capital
spending quicker than expected, and boosted shipments of iron
ore by a fifth, which helped it offset a 29 percent slump in
prices of the steelmaking ingredient this year.
Strong cash flows allowed Rio to cut net debt to $16.1
billion, putting it in line with a mid-teens range it wanted to
hit before it would consider returning capital to shareholders.
That boosted expectations for a share buyback in February, when
it announces full-year results.
Chief Financial Officer Chris Lynch said the company was no
longer under pressure to cut debt.
"This solid foundation will result in materially increased
returns for shareholders - it's written in black and white in
our press release," CEO Sam Walsh said on a call. "A leaner and
meaner Rio Tinto is here to stay. Watch this space."
Investors and analysts were impressed the company was able
to boost profit and cut net debt by $2 billion even as revenue
fell slightly, and said expectations were high for fat returns
to shareholders in February.
"They need to deliver on those expectations and they should
have the capacity to do that ... So show me the money," said
Rohan Walsh, an investment manager at Karara Capital, which owns
shares in Rio Tinto.
Reversing years of huge spending on acquisitions and new
mines, Walsh, 18 months in the top job, is on track to meet a
pledge to cut costs, sell assets and slash debt in order to
reward investors with big returns even as commodity prices cool.
At the same time, he has focused on ramping up production
from its iron ore mines in Australia's Pilbara, flooding the
market with low-cost, high-quality iron ore that has weighed on
prices and hurt smaller producers.
Rio said it expects supply of 125 million tonnes of
high-cost iron ore to be taken out of the market in 2014 as
lower-grade producers cut output.
"Now it's not a time for one of the best iron ore producers
in the world to take a step back. Now it's time for others to
really feel the consequence of the price against their operating
costs and to then make decisions," Walsh said.
Underlying earnings rose to $5.12 billion in the six months
to June, up from $4.23 billion a year earlier. Seven analysts
polled by Reuters had on average forecast $4.78 billion.
Profit from iron ore, which made up 92 percent of underlying
earnings, rose 10 percent to $4.68 billion, while copper
earnings rocketed 71 percent to $594 million. Its long-suffering
aluminium business reported a 74 percent rise to $373 million.
Rio managed to cut a further $929 million in costs in the
first half, six months ahead of schedule, adding to $2.3 billion
in costs cut last year, and flagged it would be able to pare a
further $1 billion by the end of 2015.
It also cut its forecast for capital spending in 2014 to $9
billion from an earlier estimate of $11 billion.
"What was really positive was lower-than-anticipated net
debt and much lower-than-expected capex," said Canaccord analyst
Peter Mallin-Jones. "That opens up the possibilities for
increased cash to shareholders sooner than anyone was
Rio said it would pay a first-half dividend of $0.96, in
line with policy to pay half of the previous year's dividend.
While celebrating the success of its iron ore expansion, Rio
Tinto last week exited its disastrous investment in coal assets
in Mozambique, selling most of the Riversdale business it paid
$3.7 billion for in 2011 for just $50 million.
"It was not a good project ... $50 million was the best we
could do," Walsh said. "We've been working hard to turn the
business around, but quite frankly, when we looked at the
numbers, the best option was to close the book."
Rio was not looking at any big acquisitions now, he added.
In copper, Rio warned the market had moved into surplus as
new mines had come on stream.
Walsh was moderately optimistic Rio could resolve a dispute
with Mongolia over the expansion of its Oyu Tolgoi copper and
gold project ahead of a September deadline for securing finance,
a project analysts and investors are closely watching.
However there were still serious outstanding issues. "For
us they are substantive details ... we just can't give in,"
"You need to make sure with this sort of projects that you
don't put lead in your saddle... and somewhere down the track
someone will say 'why the hell did you do that, that was a silly
thing to do'. Well, we're past doing silly things."
Rio has budgeted for some capital spending this year on the
mine, where it halted work a year ago due to disagreements with
Guinea's Simandou, another main project for Rio, is expected
to start production in Dec. 2018 but the miner said a final
decision will only be made after a feasibility study next year.
The miner signalled it does not intend to take part in a
tender for the rights to develop two blocks of Simandou near the
ones it already owns a stake in.
(Additional reporting by Alexandra Reza in London; Editing by
Muralikumar Anantharaman and Ruth Pitchford)