MOSCOW Jan 9 The Russian Orthodox Church has
come under heavy criticism on the Internet this week over a 2014
wall calendar published by a revered monastery's printing house
that features portraits of Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin.
The black-and-white calendar, titled "Stalin" and costing
200 roubles ($6), is advertised as "a great gift for veterans
and history fans". Historian Mikhail Babkin brought it to public
attention on his blog on Jan.7.
"Disgrace, shame and insult to all those who perished," one
person wrote in one of nearly 200 comments under Babkin's post,
referring to the millions who died because of Stalin's forced
farm collectivisation and brutal political repression.
The Russian Orthodox Church, which was severely persecuted
under Stalin but has enjoyed a resurgence since the collapse of
the Soviet Union in 1991, said it dismissed the head of the
printing house in July once it found out about the printing but
the calendars had already been delivered.
"The Russian Orthodox Church was subject to the most severe
repressions during Stalin's rule when thousands of priests were
deported and executed. Releasing such a publication in a church
establishment ... is morally unacceptable," Vakhtang Kipshidze,
a spokesman for the Russian Orthodox Church, told Reuters.
But reflecting the sympathy for Stalin still felt by many
Russians who credit him with victory in World War Two and giving
their country a superpower status, Kipshidze added:
"Though one should work on the assumption that both in the
Russian Orthodox Church and in the Russian society there are
differing views on the role Joseph Stalin played in the Russian
history and everybody has the right to hold on to their views."
Critics of the Kremlin accuse President Vladimir Putin of
burnishing Stalin's image and celebrating the Soviet Union's
modernising achievements to prop up national pride.
Since returning to the Kremlin in mid-2012, Putin has also
sought to appeal to conservative voters to boost his own
authority and has increasingly promoted the Russian Orthodox
Church as the standard bearer for national values.
The church, in turn, has faced growing criticism from
critics who say it has fostered excessively close ties to the
Kremlin and sought too powerful a role in secular life.
"This is business. The Russian Orthodox Church is using its
resources to make money," Andrey Kurayev, a cleric and religious
activist, wrote on his blog. "This is where the trouble is, not
in Stalin pictures."
($1 = 33.2290 Russian roubles)
(Reporting by Maria Tsvetkova; Writing by Gabriela Baczynska;
Editing by Sonya Hepinstall)