* Pipeline key part of Moscow's energy strategy
* Moscow seeks new markets as relations with West worsen
(Adds Putin oil comment, Gazprom CEO, description of ceremony)
By Vladimir Soldatkin
US KHATYN, Russia, Sept 1 President Vladimir
Putin on Monday oversaw the start of construction on a giant
pipeline that is due to ship $400 billion worth of Russian gas
to China in the three decades after flows begin in 2019.
The 4,000 km (2,500 mile) "Power of Siberia" pipeline, being
built by state-controlled Gazprom, forms a key part of
the Kremlin's energy strategy, symbolising Russia's attempts to
wean itself off dependence on European markets that account for
most of its exports.
"Just now, we along with our Chinese friends are starting
the biggest construction project in the world," Putin told a
Chinese delegation, headed by Vice Premier Zhang Gaoli, and a
group of Gazprom workers in Russia's far east.
He said the first gas pipeline between Russia and China:
"Will not only allow us to export gas, but to develop gas
infrastructure in our country, to speed up (economic)
development, not only in this region, but in the whole country."
Putin also told Zhang that he welcomed the idea of Chinese
investors joining the Vankor oil project in east Siberia, owned
by Russia's Rosneft
Flows through the "Power of Siberia" will start at 5 billion
cubic metres (bcm) of gas in 2019, ramping up to 38 bcm under a
deal signed by the two countries in May.
The long-awaited deal with China National Petroleum Corp
(CNPC) was a diplomatic coup for the Kremlin after a decade of
difficult negotiations, and a symbol of its efforts to
strengthen economic ties with Asia as Russia's economy faces the
effects of Western sanctions over the crisis in Ukraine.
Gazprom chief Alexei Miller told Putin and Zhang that a
further contract on shipment of gas via a second, more westerly
route, could be signed in November: "If we work closely with
CNPC." He did not give details, however.
On Putin's command "Begin!" two workers lowered their
protective visors and welded the first segment of the black
pipeline with flaring blowtorches. The Kremlin leader then
signed his name on it.
With a total capacity of 61 bcm per year, the new pipeline
should deliver gas both to China and to remote regions in
Russia's Far East.
Gazprom said on Saturday it planned to launch its far
eastern Chayanda gas field at the end of 2018, aiming to ship
the first gas to China in 2019. Chayanda is one of the keys to
supplying China and will produce up to 25 bcm a year at its
Gazprom is one of a handful of major Russian state companies
not directly affected by Western sanctions. It accounts for
around a third of Europe's gas needs, shipping 161.5 bcm to the
region last year.
The company is at the centre of a separate row with Ukraine
- a transit country for Russian gas - over gas prices. The
disagreement is threatening stable gas supplies to Europe this
winter, forcing Europe to step up its search for alternatives to
Russian energy supplies.
Apart from Chayanda, Gazprom plans to link another huge
Siberian deposit, Kovykta, with the planned pipeline. This would
extend the country's gas pipeline system from west to east,
enabling Russia to switch volumes depending on needs.
"After we create a gas pipeline network here, in the Far
East (and) Siberia, we'll have the ability to join the European
part of the gas pipeline system with the eastern," Putin was
quoted as saying by Interfax.
"It will give big opportunities to send (gas) flows
depending on the situation on the global markets."
A Gazprom official told reporters that at this stage the
company would not connect Kovykta to the system. It planned to
start pipeline construction from Kovykta in 2019.
Excluding Kovykta, the pipeline's construction along with
developing Chayanda would cost around 770 billion roubles ($21
billion), said Anatoly Titov, head of the Gazprom Transgaz Tomsk
Russia plans to invest $55 billion in exploration and
pipeline construction to China's border, while China's CNPC has
said it will build the Chinese section of the pipeline.
(1 US dollar = 37.4190 Russian rouble)
(Reporting by Vladimir Soldatkin; writing by Katya Golubkova,
editing by Mark Trevelyan and Keiron Henderson)