* H1 net 5 billion roubles versus 27.6 billion a year ago
* Analysts had predicted 13.2 billion
* Bad-loan provisions rise to 92.8 billion vs 50.7 billion
* Return on equity slumps to 1.1 percent vs 6.9 percent (Adds detail on shares, capital, analyst comment)
By Alexander Winning and Oksana Kobzeva
MOSCOW, Aug 21 (Reuters) - Russia’s second-largest bank VTB said an economic slowdown and political tensions over the Ukraine crisis had damaged its business, as it reported a 82 percent slide in first-half profit.
Tensions over Moscow’s perceived backing for pro-Russian rebels in eastern Ukraine have driven up the cost of financing for Russian firms and spurred capital flight, weakening the outlook for banks that serve the Russian economy.
VTB’s first-half results, which fell significantly short of analysts’ expectations, did not include any effects from its inclusion in July on U.S. and European Union sanctions lists that restrict its access to international capital markets along with other Russian state-owned banks.
Chief Financial Officer Herbert Moos said on a conference call that a deterioration in the Russian economy and risks linked to Ukraine had significantly increased the bank’s cost of risk and forced it to raise loan-loss provisions.
Dmitry Pyanov, the bank’s senior vice president, told the same conference call on Thursday that the bank’s earnings were cut by 8 billion roubles ($220 million) in the second quarter because of the Ukraine crisis.
Bad-loan provisions rose to 92.8 billion roubles for the first six months of the year from 50.7 billion a year earlier, while its cost of risk rose to 2.6 percent from 1.8 percent.
Its return on equity, a measure of the bank’s profitability, slumped to 1.1 percent compared with 6.9 percent for the first half of 2013.
“The results are weak, two things are disappointing: its margin fell sharply due to an increase in the cost of financing, and provisions due to Ukraine are still high,” said Mikhail Shlemov, a banking analyst at UBS in Moscow.
VTB had reported a 98 percent plunge in net profit in the first quarter, also citing risks over Ukraine.
Moos said he expected VTB’s margin to recover by year-end, but Shlemov was less optimistic: “The effect from the sanctions isn’t yet visible (in the results), and as a result the cost of financing will increase due to high interest rates and the margin will remain under pressure,” he said.
Russia’s central bank has raised its key interest rate by 250 basis points since March due to market turbulence over Ukraine, squeezing banks’ profits.
Russian shares were slightly higher on Thursday on hopes of an easing in tensions around the military standoff in eastern Ukraine, with VTB adding 1.7 percent despite the fall in earnings.
Russia’s government plans to spend 239 billion roubles from the National Wealth Fund, which collects oil revenue, to buy out preferred shares of VTB and Russian Agricultural Bank to boost their capital following the sanctions.
VTB said on Thursday the government scheme could boost its Tier 1 capital adequacy ratio - a measure of a bank’s ability to absorb losses - by around 2.4 percentage points.
Its Tier 1 ratio fell to 9.4 percent in the first half from 10.9 percent a year ago.
Moos said restrictions on VTB’s access to international capital could be mitigated by additional financing from the central bank, which has already said it is willing to help banks hit by sanctions.
VTB’s first-half net profit was 5 billion roubles versus 27.6 billion a year ago. Losses were capped by a 9.9 billion rouble profit on financial instruments in the second quarter.
Analysts polled by Reuters had predicted VTB’s first-half profit would be 13.2 billion roubles. (1 US dollar = 36.3370 Russian rouble) (Editing by Tom Pfeiffer and David Holmes)