(Correct Obama to Mandela in 11th para)
* Obama wishes Mandela well
* President Zuma says country "must not panic"
* Mandela spent nearly three weeks in hospital in December
By Jon Herskovitz
JOHANNESBURG, March 29 Nelson Mandela spent a
second night in hospital being treated for a lung infection
while the South African government sought to reassure the nation
about the health of its first black president and hero of the
The 94-year-old Nobel Peace Prize laureate received well
wishes from global figures including U.S. President Barak Obama
after he was admitted to hospital before midnight on Wednesday,
his third stint in hospital in four months.
The government said on Thursday he was responding well to
treatment but had no new statement on his condition as of Friday
Current President Jacob Zuma urged the nation to remain calm
and has asked people across South Africa and the world to pray
"Of course I have been saying to people, you should bear in
mind Madiba is no longer that young and if he goes for check-ups
every now and again, I don't think people must be alarmed about
it," Zuma told the BBC on Thursday.
"I would like to really say the country must not panic."
Madiba is the clan name by which many South Africans refer
Mandela has been mostly absent from the political scene for
the past decade but remains an enduring and beloved symbol of
the struggle against racism.
He is revered at home and abroad leading the struggle
against white minority rule - including spending 27 years in
prison on Robben Island - and then promoting the cause of racial
He became South Africa's first black president after winning
the country's first all-race election in 1994.
U.S. President Obama sent Mandela his best wishes.
"When you think of a single individual that embodies the
kind of leadership qualities that I think we all aspire to, the
first name that comes up is Nelson Mandela. And so we wish him
all the very best," he said.
Mandela was in hospital briefly earlier this month for a
check-up and spent nearly three weeks in hospital in December
with a lung infection and after surgery to remove gallstones.
That was his longest stay in hospital since his release from
prison in 1990 after serving almost three decades for conspiring
to overthrow the apartheid government.
Mandela has a history of lung problems dating back to when
he contracted tuberculosis as a political prisoner.
As he has receded from public life, critics say his ruling
African National Congress (ANC) has lost the moral compass he
bequeathed it when he stepped down as president in 1999.
Under such leaders as Mandela, Walter Sisulu and Oliver
Tambo, the ANC gained wide international respect as it battled
Once the yoke of apartheid was thrown off, it began
governing South Africa in a blaze of goodwill from world leaders
who viewed it as a beacon for a troubled continent and world.
Almost two decades later however, this image has dimmed as
ANC leaders have been accused of indulging in the spoils of
office, squandering mineral resources and engaging in power
Mandela spent much of last year in Qunu, his ancestral
village in the poor Eastern Cape province. But since his release
from hospital in December he has been at his home in an affluent
Johannesburg suburb, closer to sophisticated medical facilities.
(Editing by Pascal Fletcher and Angus MacSwan)