| NEW YORK
NEW YORK May 31 Multiethnic neighborhoods have
increased in the United States in recent decades but not many
white and black families are moving into them, according to new
study published on Thursday.
Researchers who analyzed the mobility trends of more than
100,000 families in metropolitan areas over nearly three decades
found that the majority of blacks and whites continue to live in
neighborhoods with high concentrations of residents of their own
"The truth is, when it comes to eliminating residential
segregation, we still have a long way to go," said Kyle Crowder,
a professor of sociology at the University of Washington in
"We have more neighborhoods that are potential destinations
for white and black movers, and certainly more are moving to
these places than used to, but still the model category is
movement between these predominately white and black
Crowder, who reported the findings in the American
Sociological Review journal, said most multiethnic neighborhoods
are populated mainly by Latino and Asian families.
Nearly 44 percent of black families tracked in the study
moved to a predominately black area, five percent relocated to a
mostly white community and 17.7 selected a multiethnic
neighborhood, which was at least 10 percent black, 10 percent
Hispanic or Asian and at least 40 percent white.
The numbers were similar for white families.
Slightly more than 55 percent of the 8,823 moves made by
white families from 1997 to 2005 were to white communities, two
percent were to predominately black neighborhoods and 5.6
percent were to multiethnic areas.
ORIGINS AND DESTINATIONS
When Crowder and his colleagues delved deeper, looking into
where families from predominantly black and predominately white
neighborhoods relocated, the results were even more striking.
"We're really looking at the connection between what we call
origins and destinations, so what kinds of neighborhoods people
start out in and looking at what kinds of places they end up
in," Crowder explained.
"It becomes really interesting when you look at origins. It
gives this picture of churning of the white population within a
predominately white area and churning of the black population
within a predominately black neighborhood."
Sixty percent of families leaving black neighborhoods
moved to a similar community and nearly 75 percent of whites
transitioned from a mostly white neighborhood to another white
Only about 19 percent of blacks and 2.4 percent of whites
moved to a multiethnic neighborhood.
The researchers, who used data from various sources
including the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, a nationally
representative survey of U.S. residents, and the 1980, 1990 and
2000 censuses, uncovered variations among the 300 metropolitan
areas in the study.
Both whites and blacks were more likely to move to diverse
areas with new housing, while there was more of the churning
effect in older neighborhoods.
"The dominant mode is moving within racially stratified
neighborhoods. And this is a problem because the effects of
segregation are so insidious in terms of racial differences,
access to quality schools, racial and ethnic differences in
exposure to crime and pollution, and racial and ethnic
difference in terms of concentrated poverty," said Crowder.
"We still need to remain diligent about residential
segregation and the processes that lead to it."
(Reporting by Patricia Reaney; editing by Paul Casciato)