* Dry weather forecast to continue into March
* Concerns will hit palm oil production
* Singapore ramps up supply of recycled water
* Malaysia cabinet to decide on calling an emergency
By Laura Philomin and Stuart Grudgings
SINGAPORE/KUALA LUMPUR, Feb 26 Singapore and
Malaysia are grappling with some of the driest weather they have
ever seen, forcing the tiny city-state to ramp up supplies of
recycled water while its neighbour rations reserves amid
disruptions to farming and fisheries.
Singapore, which experiences tropical downpours on most
days, suffered its longest dry spell on record between Jan 13
and Feb 8 and has had little rain since.
Shares in Hyflux Ltd, which operates desalination
and water recycling operations there, have risen 3.5 pct over
the past month.
In peninsular Malaysia, 15 areas have not had rainfall in
more than 20 days, with some of them dry for more than a month,
according to the Malaysian Meteorological Department.
The dry spell in the Southeast Asian neighbours is expected
to run for another two weeks, forecasters say.
The Indonesian province of Riau has also been hit, with part
of the region wreathed in smog, usually caused by farmers
setting fires to illegally clear land. Poor visibility has
disrupted flights to and from the airport in Pekanbaru.
Malaysia's Prime Minister Najib Razak was due to discuss the
drought at a regular cabinet meeting on Wednesday that would
decide whether to declare a national emergency, according to
state news agency Bernama.
While some dry weather is expected at this time of year, the
abnormal lack of rain is raising concerns about the pace of
climate change in the region.
"The concern is that these uncommon weather events may be
happening more frequently sooner rather than later," said
National University of Singapore weather researcher Winston
PALM OIL PRICES HIT
Malaysia is the world's second-largest producer of palm oil
and planters say dry weather lasting more than two months can
hurt yields six months to two years down the line, affecting
output and fuelling benchmark Kuala Lumpur prices.
Concerns that dry weather will hurt production have helped
push up palm oil prices about 8 percent in February, setting the
market on track for its biggest monthly gain in four months.
The lack of rain is also believed to have caused extensive
damage to the rice crop.
In Singapore the dry weather is being blamed in part for the
mass death of fish stocks at several offshore farms. Around 160
tonnes of fish have died in recent weeks because of a lack of
oxygen in the water.
The Malaysian Fire and Rescue Department (JBPM) said it had
received more than 7,000 calls involving forest and bush fires
nationwide since the beginning of February, due to the hot
weather, five times higher than in the same period last year.
Selangor, Malaysia's richest and most industrialized state,
began limited water rationing on Tuesday as levels in its dams
plunged to critical lows.
"We pledge that every consumer will receive water, but it
will be rationed to ensure supply every two days," Bernama
quoted state chief minister Abdul Khalid Ibrahim as saying.
"In a week, consumers will receive water for four days."
The state of Negeri Sembilan near the capital, Kuala Lumpur,
declared a "state of crisis" last week as water in its dams fell
to critical levels.
In Singapore, the Public Utilities Board (PUB) has boosted
the supply of recycled water, known as NEWater, and desalinated
supplies, in order to keep up reservoir levels.
Singapore's national security concerns mean it has developed
into one of the world leaders in water technology as it tries to
cut reliance on imported supplies from Malaysia.
Around 55 percent of Singapore's water is now desalinated or
recycled, in line with an aim to be self-sufficient by 2061,
when a 1962 agreement to buy 250 million gallons per day from
Malaysia ends, according to the PUB.
The deal lets Singapore buy 250 million gallons of water a
day from Malaysia at 0.03 ringgit ($0.01) per 1,000 gallons, and
sell back treated water for 0.50 ringgit per 1,000 gallons.
Johor, the southern Malaysian state that borders Singapore,
has been urging an early re-negotiation, saying the deal is too
advantageous to the city-state.
"The talks should begin immediately," Hasni Mohammad,
chairman of a state public works panel, told Bernama in an
interview on Feb 18.
"We have long been in a losing position when we sell raw
water to Singapore at three sen (for 1,000 gallons)," he said,
adding that the price of treated water was too high.
(Additional reporting by Niluksi Koswanage; Writing by Rachel
Armstrong; Editing by Clarence Fernandez)