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Insight: "Triangle of death" looms over Congo's mining heartlands


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Children are seen with a bicycle on the road outside the village of Tenke, in Congo's copper-producing south, near a smaller hamlet built by the Tenke Fungurume mining operation to rehouse local families displaced by the mine's expansion, January 30, 2013. Katanga, a province roughly the size of Spain, was the heart of central Africa's colonial mining industry, its growth fuelled by Belgium's Union Miniere du Haut Katanga, which produced tonne upon tonne of copper and also the uranium for the atomic bombs dropped on Japan in 1945. Decades of corruption and a brutal civil war brought Katanga to its knees. A period of relative stability since the 2003 peace deal and elections that followed - combined with high metal prices - brought private miners, and officials say Congo's copper exports jumped to 600,000 tonnes in 2012, from under 20,000 a decade ago. Picture taken January 30, 2013. REUTERS/Jonny Hogg