* South Stream to terminate in Italy
* EU blocked a Gazprom deal in Austria -Russian media
* EU-Russia summit begins Thursday
By Denis Pinchuk
MOSCOW, Dec 14 Russia's Gazprom
has picked Italy over Austria as the destination of its South
Stream gas pipeline project, a source at the company said after
reports the EU had blocked a Gazprom plan to buy part of a
trading platform in Austria.
Local Russian media said the European Commission had blocked
Gazprom's acquisition of a 50 percent stake in the gas trading
platform of the Central European Gas Hub (CEGH) in Austria -- an
outlet also coveted by the rival EU-backed Nabucco gas link.
One of the options for South Stream's route was to run from
Russia under the Black Sea to the Balkans, with a branch passing
through Austrian oil and gas company OMV's hub in
"There will be no transit through Austria, only a spur will
run to them," the Gazprom source told Reuters on Wednesday.
The source added that South Stream will terminate in Italy,
rather than in Central Europe.
A Gazprom spokesman declined to comment.
Gazprom owns 50 percent of the project, while 20 percent
belongs to Italy's Eni. France's EDF and
Germany's Wintershall have 15 percent each.
GAZPROM UNDER PRESSURE
Gazprom's stance emerged a day before an EU-Russia summit
in Brussels on Thursday where bilateral trade relations will be
Gazprom, which supplies around a quarter of European gas
imports, has been under pressure as Europe seeks to wean itself
off dependence on Russian energy resources.
In September, Gazprom's European offices were raided by EU's
anti-monopoly authorities in a wide probe into alleged breaches
of competition regulations, while new energy rules aim to force
the Russian company to "unbundle" its transportation capacity.
The company also faces strong rivalry in Europe from cheaper
fuel sources such as liquefied natural gas and the spot market.
South Stream, with construction expenditure estimated at up
to $15 billion, is expected to export 63 billion cubic metres
(bcm) of gas to Europe starting from 2015, bypassing transit
countries such as Ukraine and Belarus.
Gazprom said it would increase its gas exports to the EU
next year to 164 bcm from the planned 152 bcm in 2011 after the
November launch of the Nord Stream pipeline which runs direct
from Russia to German under the Baltic Sea.
Analysts have criticised Gazprom for its spending spree on
underwater sea links, designed to bypass transit countries that
have in the past temporarily blocked Russian gas supplies to
Europe due to pricing standoffs.
"It would be wiser to invest 3 billion-5 billion euros into
Ukraine's gas system modernisation than plough 20 billion euros
into South Stream construction," Troika Dialog analyst Valery
(Reporting by Denis Pinchuk; Writing by Vladimir Soldatkin;
Editing by John Bowker and Anthony Barker)