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* BBVA and Santander only banks with high cash payouts
* Recommendation will have no impact on most banks (Adds Santander declining comment)
By Julien Toyer
MADRID, June 27 (Reuters) - The Bank of Spain on Thursday urged Spanish lenders to limit 2013 cash dividends to the equivalent of 25 percent of annual profit in a move that may force the country's two largest banks to revise policies.
A central bank spokesman said the recommendation did not apply to scrip dividends, but lenders were asked to take into account the evolution of results and make reasonable adjustments to dividends paid in shares.
In a letter sent to all Spanish lenders, the central bank said they should limit dividends to maintain high levels of capital in an uncertain economic environment.
Last week, in its annual review of the Spanish economy, the International Monetary Fund had already called on Spanish lenders to reinforce the quantity and quality of their capital by being very prudent on cash dividends while cleaning up loan books and quickly selling distressed assets.
The new guidelines will have no impact on most of the banking sector as most lenders stopped paying dividends when Spain sought a 42-billion-euro ($54.6 billion) bailout for its banks, brought low by the bursting of a decade-long property bubble.
Popular, Sabadell, Caixabank and state-owned Bankia do not plan to pay dividends this year.
However, Spain's two biggest banks, Santander and BBVA, last year maintained high levels of cash payouts despite taking a massive hit on profit after booking billions of euros in provisions to cover potential losses on real estate investments.
BBVA's cash dividend was worth about 80 percent of annual profit in 2012, up from about 30 percent in 2011.
Santander's cash dividend was worth about 50 percent of annual profit in 2012, also up from 20 percent in 2011.
A spokesman for BBVA said it was too early to know if the recommendation would impact the bank's dividend policy and it would have more visibility as the year progresses.
BBVA's next cash payment to shareholders is planned to take place in January 2014.
Santander declined to comment.
The Bank of Italy issued a recommendation in the first quarter, saying banks that had posted a loss or had a low capital base should not distribute dividends.
As a result, Italian regional lender Banca Carige had to withdraw its dividend plan.
In addition, the European Commission limits dividend payments of bailed-out banks in Europe. In Ireland all lenders suspended dividends at the start of the crisis and have not stated plans to resume them. ($1 = 0.7691 euros) (Additional reporting by Lisa Jucca in Milan and Padraic Halpin in Dublin; Editing by Fiona Ortiz and James Dalgleish)