* Treasury issues 2.5 bln euros of bonds
* Yields rise vs previous auctions, drop vs secondary mkt
* Demand solid, stronger on 2-year bond
By Paul Day
MADRID, April 19 Spain managed to sell 2.5
billion euros ($3.3 billion) of bonds at auction on Thursday, as
much as it wanted, but at a cost of rising yields as the country
struggles to tame its deficit.
Including earlier issuance, Spain has now raised half of its
gross target for this year, making the most of market liquidity
after Europe's banks took more than a trillion euros of
ultra-cheap three-year cash (LTRO) from the European Central
Bank in December and February.
The Treasury sold 1.1 billion euros of a bond maturing Oct.
31, 2014, at an average yield of 3.463 percent and a
bid-to-cover ratio of 3.3, compared with a ratio of 2.0 at the
last auction in October.
Spain also tested market appetite for a longer-term
benchmark bond, due Jan. 31, 2022, of which it sold 1.4 billion
euros at a yield of 5.743 percent.
The bond was 2.4 times subscribed, after 2.2 times at the
last primary auction in January, when the bond sold at an
average yield of 5.403 percent.
Yields on the 10-year bond rose after the auction, however,
suggesting investors remain concerned about the country's
long-term fiscal sustainability.
"A reasonable set of results, which will go some way to
allaying fears the domestic bid for Spanish bonds has dried up.
That said, as evidenced by the accepted yield on the 10-year,
this support does come at a price," rate strategist at Rabobank
Richard McGuire said.
The yield on the 10-year bond peeped above 6 percent on the
secondary market on Monday for the first time since the end of
November, sparking concern it could soon become impossible for
the government to affordably refinance itself.
The Treasury aimed to raise between 1-5 and 2.5 billion
euros in the auction of the two bonds.
With half its annual target raised so far this year, the
Treasury now has some leeway to issue debt at a slower pace
later in the year if borrowing costs remain high.
Spain's banks, virtually closed off from international
wholesale debt markets with investors spooked by the
property-related assets on their books, have used large chunks
of the ECB loans to buy domestic paper.
Meanwhile, non-residents have been dumping Spanish sovereign
debt; investors residing outside of Spain have cut their
holdings to 42 percent of the country's debt in February, down
from 50 percent just two months before.
Spain entered its second recession since 2009 in the first
quarter after more than four years of contraction or minimal
growth In the aftermath of a collapse in its property market.
"The Treasury can afford to ease off the gas ... but Spain
remains under the cosh and locked in a negative feedback loop,"
said Jo Tomkins, strategist at 4Cast.
"No doubt domestic (banks) played a key role in shaping the
success of today's sale, but we have seen growing signs of
fatigue post-LTRO II, and this is worth keeping a watchful eye
on in the coming weeks and months."