UPDATE 1-Russian economic recovery encouraging - central banker
* Says rouble less vulnerable to a strengthening dollar (Updates throughout, adds background, quotes)
MADRID Jan 28 Spain's public deficit, excluding town halls, was 5.44 percent of gross domestic product to November, the Treasury Ministry said on Tuesday, up from a deficit of 4.87 percent in October.
The government is aiming for an end-of-year final deficit, including local administrations which are expected to end the year with balanced books, of 6.5 percent.
The central government reported a deficit of 3.86 percent of GDP in November while the country's regions had a shortfall of 1.26 percent and the social security system had a deficit of 0.33 percent, the Treasury said.
LONDON, Dec 6 The euro held firm on Tuesday, having seen a wild 3-cent swing in the wake of Italy's referendum, while the region's bond yields dipped in line with U.S. peers as oil saw its first fall for five days.
* Fitch on Austrian banks - Loan impairment charges are likely to remain modest in light of robust Austrian economy