MADRID Nov 16 Mariano Rajoy, poised to
become Spain's new prime minister after Sunday's parliamentary
election, is a cautious moderate and unlikely crisis manager for
a country engulfed by euro zone debt troubles.
The colourless 56-year-old former interior minister
struggles to crack a smile and his huge, 17 percentage points,
lead in polls is built more on mistakes made by the Socialists,
in power the past seven years, than on his own vision.
Still, his centre-right People's Party is expected to win by
a landslide as voters blame the Socialists for economic woes
that are pushing Spain back into recession and for the European
Union's highest unemployment rate, 22 percent.
Financial markets and Spaniards are looking to Rajoy for
lightning-swift action as the country's borrowing costs have
soared to near unsustainable levels. This week the country had
to pay 5 percent interest to buyers of a one-year Treasury bill.
But Rajoy, who studied law and worked as a land registrar
before getting into politics in his mid-20s, is better known for
self-restraint, for listening carefully to advisors and for
preaching patience than for taking strong initiatives.
The son of a judge, Rajoy has the impenetrable demeanour
typical of his native Galicia in northern Spain, where people
are famed for their reserve and for answering a question with a
"He will make the right decisions, but as in the rest of the
European Union right now, the question is whether the decisions
can be made in time," said Jose Maria Areilza, dean of the IE
law school in Madrid.
Rajoy, who has little international experience and limited
English, is expected to name a heavyweight economy minister to
deepen painful austerity measures at home and travel abroad to
persuade investors that Spain has its accounts in order.
MOVING TO THE CENTER
After being elected to several local and regional posts in
Galicia in the 1980s, Rajoy moved to Madrid and served in four
different ministerial posts under Jose Maria Aznar, Spain's
pro-Washington prime minister from 1996-2004.
Aznar named Rajoy to succeed him in leading the party, and
if it had not been for an Islamist attack on Madrid commuter
trains three days before the 2004 parliamentary vote, he would
probably already have been prime minister.
The outgoing Aznar wrongly blamed violent Basque separatist
group ETA for the train bombings, handing a surprise victory to
the Socialists. Rajoy ran and lost again in 2008 and was savaged
even by the right-wing press.
But he survived the party move to oust him, quietly getting
rid of the old Aznar conservatives and moving the PP toward the
centre. His discrete power plays and pragmatic independence
differentiate him from the typical PP leader, known for their
ideological force or their authoritarian style.
"He's a long-distance runner, not a sprinter, and the
economic crisis needs long-distance runners," said Member of
Parliament Jose Maria Lassalle, a PP moderate, contrasting Rajoy
with his Socialist rival Alfredo Perez Rubalcaba, who was a
sprinter in his youth.
"He is a type of soft power, little inclined to impose
things, more about convincing, and that's what Spain needs right
now most of all," said Lassalle, who has known Rajoy for eight
Rajoy should be in tune with the mostly conservative
European leadership of the moment. However, some critics
complain he has not sufficiently fostered a relationship with
German Chancellor Angela Merkel -- a key ally as Spain and the
entire euro currency area fend off market attacks.
Rajoy, who wears a scruffy beard first grown when the scars
from a serious car accident prevented him from shaving, is
married with two children.
Schooled by Roman Catholic nuns, he laments the decline of
Latin studies in Spanish schools. His stable provincial family
background means he has trouble relating to young Spaniards
frustrated with a youth jobless rate of more than 40 percent.
He is dismissive of the "Indignados" (or Indignant) movement
that took over public squares in May to protest the political
status quo and inspired the Occupy Wall Street movement
He smokes the occasional cigar and walks for exercise, a
"minimum 31 days a month" he quips and is a former cyclist who
is now a fan of watching that sport as well as football -- he
follows the Real Madrid team.
Until recently Rajoy had a dismal approval rating in opinion
polls as Spaniards questioned whether he understood their
problems. But perceptions have lifted as voters turned to his
party to heal the economy.
"Who cares if he is boring if he's winning?" said one of his
advisors, who asked not to be named.