(Adds Sudanese Foreign Minister, US, UN comment)
* Juba accuses Khartoum of more aerial bombardments
* Sudan says willing to talk about security issueso loo
* Beijing calls for restraint
By Yara Bayoumy and Michael Martina
JUBA/BEIJING, April 24 South Sudan accused Sudan
on Tuesday of mounting bombing raids on the newly independent
country's oil-producing border region and President Salva Kiir
said the latest hostilities amounted to a declaration of a war
by his northern neighbour.
Weeks of cross-border fighting between the former civil war
foes have threatened to escalate into a full blown conflict in a
region that holds one of Africa's most significant oil reserves.
Although both Sudan, ruled by President Omar al-Bashir since
1989, and South Sudan, which became independent last July under
a peace deal with Khartoum, can ill-afford a protracted war,
both countries have fuelled tensions with bellicose rhetoric.
The United States, China and Britain urged both sides to
return to the negotiating table.
"We strongly condemn Sudan's military incursion into South
Sudan. Sudan must immediately halt the aerial and artillery
bombardment in South Sudan by the Sudan armed forces," White
House spokesman Jay Carney said.
Sudan's foreign minister said he was ready to discuss
security issues with the South.
Philip Aguer, spokesman for South Sudan's army, or the SPLA,
said Sudanese Antonov aircraft had flown up to 40 km (25 miles)
into South Sudan's territory to bomb the settlements of
Teschween, Panakuach and Roliaq on Monday night. Taban Deng Gai,
governor of Unity State where the raids occurred, said bombs had
hit Lalop market and Panakuach.
The raids came after the SPLA said Sudan bombed a market
early on Monday near the oil town of Bentiu, capital of Unity
state, and killed two civilians, an attack they said amounted to
a declaration of war. The United Nations condemned the attack.
The Sudanese army denied carrying out air strikes.
CHINA URGEST RESTRAINT
Speaking in China, which has significant oil and business
interests in both African countries, Kiir said Sudan had
declared on his country.
"It (this visit) comes at a very critical moment for the
Republic of South Sudan because our neighbour in Khartoum has
declared war on the Sudan," he told Chinese President Hu Jintao.
Hu called for restraint, urging the two neighbours to settle
their disputes peacefully.
In addition to halting nearly all oil production, the recent
fighting has displaced some 35,0000 people in areas around
Heglig, Talodi and other parts of South Kordofan, the U.N.
Refugee Agency said, citing its local partners.
"The urgent task is to actively cooperate with the mediation
efforts of the international community and halt armed conflict
in the border areas," China's state television paraphrased Hu as
South Sudan said on Friday it would withdrew from the
disputed Heglig oilfield it seized earlier this month, bowing to
demands from the U.N. Security Council.
The SPLA's withdrawal from the oilfield, which used to
produce about half of Sudan's total oil output, reduced the risk
of an all-out war but Juba has accused Khartoum of daily air
bombardments on its territories since then.
"We have not declared war but the SPLA is on maximum alert
because if they attack they will not (catch) the SPLA off guard,
Aguer told reporters in Juba.
"If they don't stop bombardment, if they don't stop the
incursion into our territories, I assure you the SPLA is capable
of retaking all of these areas that they are occupying by
force," he said.
SUDAN READY TO TALK
South Sudan became independent last year, breaking up what
was Africa's largest country under a 2005 peace agreement that
ended two decades of civil war.
But the two territories have yet to settle a long list of
disputes including the position of their shared border, the
ownership of critical territories and how much the landlocked
South should pay in oil transit fees to Sudan.
The disputes have already halted nearly all oil production,
choking the two countries' largely oil-dependent economies.
For China, the standoff shows how its economic expansion
abroad has at times forced Beijing to deal with distant quarrels
it would like to avoid.
A South Sudanese official, deputy chief of protocol Gum Bol
Noah, said China had agreed to provide technical assistance on
an alternative oil pipeline to Kenya, but would wait until the
situation was calmer.
Juba has said it wants to build a pipeline within one year
to end its dependency on Sudan's oil transit and export
facilities, but experts say the project is not viable without
significant new oil discoveries.
Bashir has ruled out a return to negotiations with Juba,
saying the South's government only understands "the language of
But Sudanese Foreign Minister Ali Karti said Khartoum was
ready to negotiate with the South on "security issues".
"I'm now ready to talk, but on the security issues," Karti
told reporters in Addis Ababa after meeting officials from the
African Union, who have urged both sides to return to talks.
South Sudan Information Minister Barnaba Marial Benjamin
said Kiir's visit to China was intended to improve relations
that were strained after Juba expelled the head of a China-led
oil consortium it accused of helping Sudan to "steal" southern
"The relations we have been having with them (China), with
Khartoum on the other side, have not been clear," he told
reporters in Juba.
"There must be some sort of relationship where China can
play a positive role, even in this war. You see it is like a
case of a husband with two wives," he said referring to China's
relationship with both Sudans.
(Additional reporting by Hereward Holland in Bentiu, South
Sudan, Aaron Maasho in Addis Ababa, Ben Blanchard in Beijing,
Jeff Mason aboard Air Force One; Writing by Yara Bayoumy;
Editing by Giles Elgood)