* Assad controls "no more than 30 pct" of Syria-former PM
* OIC summit to adopt decision suspending Syria's membership
* U.N. humanitarian chief holds talks in Damascus
* Assad envoy arrives in China, Beijing to invite opponents
By Suleiman Al-Khalidi and Hadeel Al Shalchi
AMMAN/ALEPPO, Aug 14 President Bashar al-Assad
controls less than a third of Syria and his power is crumbling,
his former prime minister said on Tuesday, in his first public
appearance since he defected to the opposition this month.
Riyad Hijab told a news conference in Jordan that the morale
of Syrian authorities was low after grappling for 17 months to
crush a popular uprising and an armed insurgency against Assad.
"The regime is collapsing, spiritually and financially, as
it escalates militarily," he said. "It no longer controls more
than 30 percent of Syrian territory."
Hijab, a Sunni Muslim, was not in Assad's inner circle. But
as the most senior civilian official to defect, his flight after
two months in the job looked embarrassing for the president.
Hijab did not explain his estimate of the territory still
controlled by Assad, whose military outnumbers and outguns the
rebels fighting to overthrow him. T h e army is battling to regain
control of Aleppo, Syria's biggest city, after retaking parts of
Damascus that were seized by insurgents last month.
Curbs on media access make it hard to know how much of Syria
is in rebel hands, but most towns and cities along the country's
backbone, a highway running from Aleppo in the north to Deraa in
the south, have been swept up in the violence. Assad has also
lost swathes of land on Syria's northern and eastern border.
While the military focuses on Damascus and the business hub
of Aleppo, rebels have slowly made gains in Syria's tribal
heartland to the east, where a ferocious fight is under way for
Deir al-Zor, capital of the country's main oil-producing region.
Army gunners shell Deir al-Zor, an impoverished Sunni city
near the Iraqi border, from fortified outposts in the desert.
A Western diplomat who follows the Syrian military said
rebel forces in Deir al-Zor were fragmented but that the
military lacked the numbers and supply lines to defeat them, in
a region producing all Syria's 200,000 barrel a day oil output.
Jubilant rebels said they had shot down a Syrian jet fighter
southeast of Deir al-Zor and captured its pilot on Monday. The
government blamed the crash on technical problems.
ISLAMIC COLD SHOULDER
Assad also faced deeper diplomatic isolation over his
violent crackdown on opposition with the planned suspension of
Syria from the Saudi-based Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
(OIC), a step opposed by his Shi'ite ally Iran.
He will view the OIC decision, to be adopted at a summit of
the 57-member body in Mecca, as the work of supporters of the
Syrian opposition such as Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Turkey.
Splits among big powers and regional rivalry between Iran
and Saudi Arabia have stymied diplomatic efforts to halt the
bloodshed in Syria, where opposition sources say 18,000 people
have been killed. The British-based Syrian Observatory for Human
Rights said more than 45 died on Tuesday and 180 the day before.
The violence, now focused on the city of Aleppo but flaring
in many other areas, has displaced 1.5 million people inside
Syria and forced many to flee abroad, with 150,000 registered
refugees in Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon and Iraq, U.N. figures show.
U.N. emergency relief coordinator Valerie Amos arrived in
Syria to discuss aid for civilians trapped or uprooted by the
fighting, which has frequently prevented the delivery of food
and medical supplies.
"She's there to express her grave, grave concern over the
situation," spokesman Jens Laerke said. "She will look at the
situation on the ground and discuss with the government and
humanitarian partners how to scale up the response in Syria."
Efforts to arrange ceasefires to let relief convoys through
have rarely worked. A U.N. official said last month the Syrian
authorities had often denied visas to Western aid workers.
In Aleppo, Syria's biggest city and its economic dynamo,
food is running short and has become far more expensive.
State-run groceries that sold heavily subsidised staples have
shut. In the Bustan al-Qasr district, hundreds of men lined up
"CATCH MY TOMATOES"
At a makeshift hospital, one doctor said some people were
arriving seeking food rather than medicine.
Another doctor described a man who had been shot in the foot
while carrying home food for his family. He was more worried
about losing his groceries than about his wound. "He started
crying: 'My food, my food, someone catch my tomatoes'."
Amos went to Syria in March to seek unhindered access for
aid workers to badly-hit areas. Damascus agreed to a joint but
limited humanitarian assessment, but bureaucracy and insecurity
have foiled U.N. efforts to launch a significant aid operation.
Reuters journalists in Aleppo heard shelling and explosions
in Saif al-Dawla distict, next to the Salaheddine neighbbourhood
which has seen some of the heaviest fighting in the last two
weeks. One rebel fighter was killed by tank shelling, his
bloodied body dragged out of the line of fire by comrades.
"We received some simple amounts of ammunition but it is not
enough," said rebel fighter Hossam Abu Mohammad, a former army
captain. "We need specific kinds of (anti-tank) weapons."
"We are about 600 Free Syrians fighting in Salaheddine and
it is not enough," he told Reuters.
Assad is struggling to keep power, relying on military and
security forces led by members of his minority Alawite sect, an
esoteric offshoot of Shi'ite Islam. They are combating a deadly
insurgency that emerged after a crackdown on peaceful anti-Assad
protesters mostly from Syria's 70 percent Sunni majority.
Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad is likely to take up
the cudgels on Assad's behalf at the two-day Mecca summit that
may highlight the rift between the Shi'ite Islamic Republic and
Sunni-ruled nations that want the Syrian leader to step down.
Saudi Arabia and Qatar are believed to be paying for arms
that reach Syrian rebels via Turkey to try to counter the
superior firepower of Assad's mostly Russian-armed military.
Russia and China, which have blocked any U.N. Security
Council action on Syria, firmly oppose any outside intervention
in Syria, but Beijing is trying to show a "balanced" approach by
developing contacts with the opposition as well as Damascus.
Bouthaina Shaaban, a senior adviser to Assad, arrived in
Beijing but did not speak to reporters. She will meet Chinese
Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi, the foreign ministry said.
"China is also considering inviting Syrian opposition groups
in the near term to China," ministry spokesman Qin Gang said.
Shi Yinhong, a professor of international relations at
Renmin University, said China's willingness to meet Syrian
opposition groups differed markedly from Russia's attitude.
"The Syria government is more vulnerable than before. The
opposition groups have gained newfound support from the West,
but they're also fragile. China has a pressing need to talk to
the two sides. The situation now is nearing an end," he said.