* Artillery strike on Syria eased public pressure on gov't
* But many Turks wary of going beyond proportional reprisal
* Some voice anti-war views in streets, online
* Government seeks to assuage fears of military escalation
By Daren Butler and Ece Toksabay
ISTANBUL, Oct 4 Many Turks on Thursday welcomed
their army's swift reprisal for deadly Syrian artillery fire
into Turkey but their anger was tempered by fears of being
dragged into full-blown intervention in a war that could blow
back across their borders.
After shelling from Syria's civil war killed five people in
a Turkish border town on Wednesday, parliament authorised the
government to take military action in Syria if there was a
further spillover of violence.
But while Turks voiced widespread support for a retaliatory
round of Turkish shelling that killed five Syrian soldiers,
fears of greater military involvement in Syria's civil war grew.
The Turkish slogan "savasa hayir" ("no to war") was the top
trending item on Turkey's Twitter on Thursday morning.
A small group of anti-war protesters chanted "We don't want
war!" and "The Syrian people are our brothers!" outside
parliament in Ankara. Police fired tear gas to stop them
approaching the building.
Opposition parties and civil society groups, expressing
misgivings over the Turkish military response, called a further
protest in Istanbul for later on Thursday.
An online survey by Hurriyet newspaper showed 60 percent
opposition to the memorandum authorising possible military
deployments. Some fear Turkey is being pushed into the conflict
by outside forces seeking to use Ankara to fulfil their agenda.
"We are carrying out other countries' business in the Middle
East, it's not our war, and we should not be fighting the war of
others," said 38-year-old waiter Mustafa Denizer.
"Turkey would drown in Syria if we try to go in there
ourselves. We should avoid starting a war without international
support," Denizer said.
Turkish artillery hit targets near Syria's Tel Abyad border
town for a second day on Thursday in response to a mortar fired
from Syria that killed a mother, her three children and a female
relative in the town of low-rise buildings on Wednesday.
"The Turkish people support such limited action, which has a
positive impact psychologically, but they would not support a
large-scale operation or war, because there is no legitimacy in
Turkish eyes," said Nihat Ali Ozcan, security analyst at the
TEPAV think tank in Ankara.
The government also seemed keen to allay fears of an
escalation of the most serious cross-border incident of the
18-month-old uprising against Syrian President Bashar al-Assad,
whose bloody crackdown on dissent wrecked relations with Turkey.
"Turkey has no interest in a war with Syria. But Turkey is
capable of protecting its borders and will retaliate when
necessary," Ibrahim Kalin, a senior adviser to Prime Minister
Tayyip Erdogan, said on his Twitter account.
"Political, diplomatic initiatives will continue."
After parliament's approval of possible military action,
Deputy Prime Minister Besir Atalay stressed Turkey's priority
was to work in coordination with international institutions and
that the authorisation was not a "war memorandum".
Turkish newspaper headlines struck a defensive tone.
"An instant response to Syria. Damascus went too far," said
the headlines in Yeni Safak newspaper, which is sympathetic to
the government. "Serious provocation from Syria," said Zaman
PRESSURE ON GOV'T OVER SYRIAN SPILLOVER
Turkey has the second largest army in NATO but its military
activity in recent decades has been focused on fighting Kurdish
militants at home and international peacekeeping operations.
Turkey's artillery strikes on Syrian military targets in the
border area eased public pressure on the government that dated
back to the shooting down of a Turkish military jet by Syrian
air defences in June.
At the time, Erdogan warned Syria to beware Turkey's wrath
and changed the military's rules of engagement, authorising the
armed forces to react to any threat from the Syrian side of the
border. Until Wednesday, however, Turkey's response had not gone
beyond the occasional scrambling of warplanes.
"They were very slow in taking decisions and didn't respond.
They were criticised domestically and this had a negative impact
on people. Hence a response had to be made this time to overcome
this psychological pressure," Ozcan said.
The memorandum in parliament would have the added effect of
authorising possible military action against Kurdistan Workers
Party (PKK) militants believed to be active in northern Syria.
"This memorandum will also give the army authority to carry
out operations against the PKK in Syrian territory," Ozcan said.
The PKK, mainly based in the mountains of northern Iraq, has
waged a 28-year-old insurgency in which more than 40,000 people
have been killed. Its proxy party in Syria has exploited the
chaos to exert growing influence in the region bordering Turkey.
"We have to be very careful on our border with Syria. We
must remain cool-headed and our reactions must be measured. The
radical groups near the border may be trying to provoke Turkey
into declaring war," said Mustafa Kemal Caniklioglu, 31, a
restaurant manager in Istanbul.