* Russia offers "full support" for peace efforts
* Syrian forces attack rebel strongholds
* Rights group accuses Syrian of using human shields
By Steve Gutterman and Oliver Holmes
MOSCOW/BEIRUT, March 25 Russia offered "full
support" for peace envoy Kofi Annan's efforts to end fighting in
Syria on Sunday but said his mission would need more time as
forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad attacked Homs and
other rebel strongholds.
Moscow also suggested foreign support for the Syrian
opposition was the main obstacle to peace while U.S. President
Barack Obama and Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan discussed
how to get non-lethal aid to the opposition.
Western and Arab states have urged Assad to step aside to
end violence which the U.N. says has cost 8,000 lives. Russia, a
close ally of Assad, said he is ready to talk to his foes on
reform and it is the rebels who must be pressed to negotiate.
With the Syrian army on the offensive around the country and
the deeply divided opposition fearing Assad would use any talks
to strengthen his forces' position and crack down harder, the
prospect of a negotiated peace seemed more remote than ever.
Syrian activists said 27 people had been killed on Sunday,
including 15 civilians, and a U.S.-based human rights group
accused Assad's forces of using human shields in their efforts
to crush the rebellion, which began more than a year ago.
"Syrian government forces have endangered local residents by
forcing them to march in front of the army during recent arrest
operations, troop movements, and attacks on towns and villages
in northern Syria," Human Rights Watch said, quoting residents
from Syria's northwestern province of Idlib.
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, who will join Obama for a
nuclear security summit in South Korea on Monday, told Annan,
the Syria envoy for the United Nations and Arab League, he
appreciated his efforts to end the violence.
"This may be the last chance for Syria to avoid a
long-lasting and bloody civil war. Therefore we will offer you
our full support at any level and in various ways in those
areas, of course, in which Russia is capable of providing
It was not clear whether Moscow would increase pressure on
Assad to comply with Annan's peace plan, which includes demands
for a ceasefire, the immediate withdrawal of heavy armour from
residential areas and access for humanitarian aid.
Russia has shielded Assad from U.N. Security Council
condemnation by vetoing two Western-backed resolutions over the
bloodshed, but has criticised the Syrian leader recently and
approved a Security Council statement this week endorsing
The former U.N. chief is due to fly to China, which joined
Russia in the vetoes, after his talks in Russia.
"Syria has an opportunity today to work with me and this
mediation process to put an end to the conflict, to the
fighting, allow access to those in need of humanitarian
assistance as well as embark on a political process that will
lead to a peaceful settlement," Annan said at the start of his
talks with Medvedev at a Moscow airport.
Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Gennady Gatilov said Annan's
mission must be given more time before the Security Council
considers further action. The Security Council statement this
week threatened Syria with unspecified "further steps" if it
failed to comply with Annan's plan.
"There are no deadlines, we need to see how the situation
develops," the Interfax news agency quoted Gatilov as saying.
Annan's spokesman, Ahmad Fawzi, said he had "very candid and
comprehensive discussions" in Moscow. Annan was "grateful for
Russia's firm support for his mediation efforts in order to
reach a swift and peaceful solution to this bloody conflict" and
asked Russia to continue providing support.
Moscow has accused the West and Gulf Arab nations of being
too one-sided, arguing that foreign political support for the
opposition and contraband weapons supplies to rebels fuel the
fighting in Syria, which hosts a Russian naval base.
Western and Arab leaders are due to meet in Istanbul next
week to back the revolt against Assad and the Arab League and
Turkey were pressing the opposition to unite beforehand.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov urged Annan to work
with both government and opposition and said his mission needed
full international support, the Foreign Ministry said.
"This entails non-interference in Syria's internal affairs
and inadmissibility of supporting one side in the conflict," the
ministry said in a statement after their meeting.
In the Korean capital Seoul, Obama and Erdogan discussed
providing medical supplies and communications support to the
Syrian opposition but there was no talk of providing lethal aid
to the rebels.
"We worked on a common agenda in terms of how we can support
both humanitarian efforts ... (and) the efforts of Kofi Annan to
bring about much needed change (in Syria)," Obama said after his
meeting with Erdogan, a sharp critic of Assad.
New York-based Human Rights Watch published videos, obtained
from opposition activists, in which people in civilian clothes
walk in front of several armed soldiers and infantry fighting
vehicles. Activists say the army had compelled the men to walk
in front to protect the soldiers.
The statement said that residents reported government forces
placing children on tanks and inside security buses.
"The Syrian army's use of human shields is yet another
reason why the UN Security Council should refer Syria to the
International Criminal Court," said Ole Solvang, a HRW
It was impossible to verify reports independently because
Syrian authorities have prevented foreign journalists and human
rights workers from entering affected areas.
Syria says rebels have killed about 3,000 members of the
security forces and blames the violence on "terrorist" gangs.
Syrian troops have repeatedly targeted Homs, Syria's third
largest city, and said last month they had regained control of
Baba Amr, a neighbourhood held by rebels for several months.
However, a surge in violence in other neighbourhoods this
week suggested the army was struggling to keep control.
Waleed al-Faris, an opposition activist from Homs, told
Reuters that Sunday's shelling, using tank and mortar fire, was
the worst he had seen.
"There are ten dead and hundreds wounded," he said. "I have
not experienced shelling this heavy since Baba Amr."
In the southern province of Deraa, birthplace of the revolt,
government forces and rebels clashed on Sunday.
"Thousands of soldiers and over a hundred military vehicles
are attempting to enter the area of Lahat in Deraa province
today, but they are clashing with rebels," said Rami
Abdelrahman, head of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights,
adding that at least five soldiers and three rebels had been
The Syrian state news agency SANA said six "terrorists" had
been killed on during dawn raid on a hideout in Deraa.
The SOHR said 27 were killed around Syria on Sunday, 15 of
them civilians, during heavy shelling in the central city of
Homs and northwestern province of Idlib.
In the eastern city of Deir al-Zor, Syrian troops conducted
house-to-house raids in search of dissidents, SOHR said.