| BANGKOK, March 4
BANGKOK, March 4 A state of emergency in Bangkok
could be extended until anti-government protests end completely,
Thailand's foreign minister said on Tuesday, adding that he
feared more violence even though the protests had subsided.
Protests aimed at overthrowing Prime Minister Yingluck
Shinawatra are in their fifth month but at the weekend the
remaining protesters closed down several big protest sites and
moved to a central Bangkok park.
"If Suthep continues with his protest and there are more
violent incidents, including grenades thrown, shootings and acts
of violence by provocateurs, the emergency law will have to stay
until the situation improves," Foreign Minister Surapong
Tovichakchaikul told reporters.
The protests are led by Suthep Thaugsuban, a former deputy
prime minister in a government led by the Democrat Party, now
the main opposition party.
"We will wait for security forces, the army and the cabinet
to decide before the emergency expires on March 22," Surapong
The government imposed the 60-day emergency in Bangkok on
Jan. 21 to prevent an escalation of the protests ahead of a
general election on Feb. 2, which nevertheless was disrupted.
The demonstrations are the latest chapter in a conflict that
has gripped Thailand for eight years and broadly pits Bangkok's
middle class, southern Thais and the royalist establishment
against mostly rural supporters of Yingluck and her brother,
ousted former premier Thaksin Shinawatra.
The protests began in November with attempts to occupy
government buildings and spread in January when major roads in
the capital were blocked. Those roads reopened on Monday after
the protesters withdrew and regrouped in Lumpini Park.
The protesters have lost faith in elections, which parties
of the populist Thaksin keep on winning, and want to reform the
political system to end the influence of the former telecoms
tycoon who they accuse of being a corrupt crony capitalist.
Thaksin has lived abroad since 2008 to avoid a jail term for
a graft conviction he says was politically motivated.
Labour Minister Chalerm Yoobumrung, who is in charge of
enforcing the state of emergency, said the protests were
unlikely to end soon and the demonstrators were banking on
intervention by courts widely seen as hostile to Yingluck to
bring down her government.
"The protests will go on for a while because Suthep has not
reached his target ... but I don't believe he can reach his goal
so demonstrators are waiting for some sort of intervention by
independent organisations," Chalerm told reporters.
READY TO MOBILISE
Yingluck faces several legal challenges, the most immediate
threat coming from charges of negligence relating to a
disastrous rice subsidy scheme that has run out of funds,
prompting unpaid farmers to demonstrate in Bangkok.
She has been given until March 14 by the National
Anti-Corruption Commission to defend herself. It will then
decide whether there is a case to pursue and, if it goes ahead,
she may be forced to step down.
Under emergency rule, public gatherings of more than five
people are banned and security forces have the right to detain
suspects for more 30 days without charge, but a court ruling
last month limited the state's powers to disperse protesters.
Representatives from business organisations including the
Stock Exchange of Thailand and the Tourism Council of Thailand
have urged the government to reconsider the emergency law,
saying it had affected tourism and other sectors.
At least 23 people have been killed in the unrest since Nov.
30, including four children in Bangkok and the eastern province
of Trat. Hundreds of people have been injured.
The violence is the worst since 2010 when Suthep, at the
time a deputy prime minister, sent in troops to end
demonstrations by pro-Thaksin "red shirt" activists.
Suthep faces murder charges related to his role in that
crackdown, when more than 90 people were killed.
Thaksin's supporters, largely based in the north and
northeast, have threatened to defend Yingluck if she is removed
from power, adding to fears of civil strife.
Thanawut Wichaidit, a spokesman for the red shirts' United
Front for Democracy against Dictatorship, said the group had
practised over the weekend how to mobilise people in the
northeast to get down to Bangkok.
"We rehearsed how to move large groups from one city to
another to warn anti-government forces not to do anything that
destroys democracy. The elite have killed red shirts like pigs
and dogs in the past and we'll make sure they never do that
again," he told Reuters.
(Additional reporting by Pracha Hariraksapitak; Editing by Alan
Raybould and Robert Birsel)